PTC Inc.
PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORP (Form: 10-K, Received: 11/24/2009 17:19:36)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended: September 30, 2009

Commission File Number: 0-18059

 

 

PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Massachusetts   04-2866152
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

140 Kendrick Street, Needham, MA 02494

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(781) 370-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $.01 par value per share   NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant

to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Series A Junior Participating Preferred

Stock Purchase Rights

(Title of Class)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    YES   þ     NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    YES   ¨     NO   þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES   þ     NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ¨     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer   þ

   Accelerated Filer   ¨   Non-accelerated Filer   ¨    Smaller Reporting Company   ¨
     (Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES   ¨     NO   þ

The aggregate market value of our voting stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $1,205,781,101 on April 3, 2009 based on the last reported sale price of our common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on that day. There were 115,864,021 shares of our common stock outstanding on that day and 117,883,256 shares of our common stock outstanding on November 20, 2009.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement in connection with the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (2010 Proxy Statement) are incorporated by reference into Part III.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR FISCAL YEAR 2009

Table of Contents

 

         Page

PART I.

    
Item 1.  

Business

   1
Item 1A.  

Risk Factors

   6
Item 1B.  

Unresolved Staff Comments

   11
Item 2.  

Properties

   11
Item 3.  

Legal Proceedings

   11
Item 4.  

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

   12

PART II.

    
Item 5.  

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

   13
Item 6.  

Selected Financial Data

   13
Item 7.  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   14
Item 7A.  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   40
Item 8.  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   42
Item 9.  

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   42
Item 9A.  

Controls and Procedures

   42
Item 9B.  

Other Information

   43

PART III.

    
Item 10.  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   45
Item 11.  

Executive Compensation

   46
Item 12.  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

   46
Item 13.  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   46
Item 14.  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   46

PART IV.

    
Item 15.  

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

   47
Signatures    48
Exhibit Index    50

APPENDIX A

    
 

Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-1
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-6
 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   F-39


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Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this Annual Report about our anticipated financial results and growth, as well as about the development of our products and markets, are forward-looking statements that are based on our current plans and assumptions. Important information about factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from these statements is discussed in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and generally throughout this Annual Report.

Unless otherwise indicated, all references to a year reflect our fiscal year that ends on September 30.

PART I

 

ITEM 1. Business

Overview

Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC) develops, markets and supports product development software solutions and related services that help companies design products, manage product information and improve their product development processes. Our software solutions help customers increase innovation, improve product quality, decrease time to market, and reduce product development costs.

We offer solutions in the product development market, which encompasses the product lifecycle management, or PLM, market (product data management, collaboration and related solutions) and the CAx market (computer-aided design, manufacturing and engineering (CAD, CAM and CAE) solutions).

Our software solutions include a range of internet-based PLM solutions and CAD and related solutions. These software solutions enable companies to:

 

   

create digital product content as represented by product designs and component-based documents (collectively, “digital products”);

 

   

collaborate globally on the development of content with cross-functional teams consisting of members within an organization and from the extended enterprise;

 

   

control content and automate processes over the course of a product’s lifecycle;

 

   

configure content to match products and services; and

 

   

communicate relevant product information across the extended enterprise and to customers through multiple channels using dynamic publications.

Our solutions provide customers with a product development system that permits individuals—regardless of their roles in the development of a product, the computer-based tools they use, or their location geographically or in the supply chain—to participate in the product development process. We have devoted significant resources to developing our PLM solutions and integrating them with multiple CAD and related software solutions. We continue to integrate our PLM products more tightly and make them easier to deploy. We believe this will create significant added value for our customers.

Our product development system is:

 

   

integral— our products are engineered to work together;

 

   

internet-based —our product development system can be deployed across existing intranet and internet infrastructures to accommodate a distributed value chain; and

 

   

interoperable —our products can be integrated with other systems using standard protocols and integration approaches.

 

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Our solutions are complemented by our experienced services and technical support organizations, as well as resellers and other strategic partners. Our services and technical support organizations provide consulting, implementation and training support services to customers worldwide. Our resellers supplement our direct sales force to provide greater geographic and small and medium-size account coverage, primarily for our MCAD solutions. Our strategic partners provide complementary product and/or service offerings.

Our Principal Products and Services

We describe our product development system solutions and related services below.

PLM Solutions

Our PLM solutions suite addresses common challenges that companies, and in particular manufacturing companies, face in their product development processes, including product data management, communication and collaboration with the extended enterprise, portfolio management, change management, regulatory compliance, technical and marketing documentation, heterogeneity of systems, and services and maintenance requirements. Our suite of solutions includes:

Windchill ® solutions are a family of sophisticated, internet-based content and process management solutions for managing complex data and relationships, processes and publications, including:

 

   

Windchill PDMLink ® , a product content management solution that is used to control information by facilitating data accessibility and automating and managing the product development process throughout the life of a product. Windchill PDMLink is fluent with workgroup level CAD content management as well as complete enterprise-wide product content management and enables bill of materials and document management, change management and configuration management.

 

   

Windchill ProjectLink™, a collaborative project management solution that enables companies (including their employees, partners, suppliers and customers) to work together on projects through internet-based compartmentalized workspaces. Windchill ProjectLink also has capabilities for project plan development, milestone and deliverable tracking, activity assignment and management, and on-line discussion forums.

 

   

Windchill ProductPoint ® , a solution that, by extending the capabilities of Microsoft SharePoint ® , enables the sharing of CAD and other structured data among teams through social computing and associated Web 2.0 technologies.

Arbortext ® enterprise solutions enable our customers to manage complex information assets and to streamline their product information delivery processes. Optimized for managing XML documents authored using our Arbortext authoring products, these solutions support collaboration by geographically dispersed teams and manage critical processes such as configuration management and release of publications. The solutions consist of a Windchill-based content and configuration management system that assembles Arbortext-authored XML and SGML content components and automatically publishes audience-specific content in both print and electronic forms, with high-quality layout and formatting.

ProductView ™ solutions enable enterprise-wide visualization, verification, annotation and automated comparison of a wide variety of product development data formats, including MCAD (2D and 3D), ECAD, and documents. These solutions provide lightweight access to product designs and related data without requiring the original authoring tool.

InSight ™ product analytics solutions enable manufacturers to measure and improve product performance. InSight solutions include InSight Environmental Compliance™, which enables companies to manage and improve the environmental performance and regulatory requirements of their products and Relex ® Reliability™, which enables organizations to plan and evaluate product reliability, safety and maintainability.

 

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MCAD Solutions

Our MCAD solutions include our integrated CAD/CAM/CAE software as well as document authoring tools. Our principal MCAD solutions are described below.

Pro/ENGINEER ® is a family of three-dimensional product design solutions based on a parametric, feature-based solid modeler that enables changes made during the design process to be associatively updated throughout the design. Designers can use Pro/ENGINEER for detailed design (CAD), manufacturing/production (CAM), and simulation/analysis (CAE), as well as for exchanging CAD data with a multitude of sources and in varied standard formats, allowing them to create more innovative, differentiated and functional products quickly and easily. Pro/ENGINEER can improve product quality and reduce time to market by enabling end users to evaluate multiple design alternatives and to share data with bi-directional associativity.

CoCreate ® is a family of explicit CAD and collaboration software that enables customers pursuing a lightweight and flexible design strategy to meet short design cycles and to create product designs quickly. CoCreate’s explicit modeling approach enables product development teams to create and modify 3D product designs quickly. This fast and lightweight design approach gives designers flexibility to make changes to a product design late in the development process and the ability to work with multi-source CAD data. CoCreate enables users to reduce design cycle time, improve workgroup collaboration through an integrated data management system and decrease product development costs.

Arbortext authoring products Arbortext Editor™ and Arbortext IsoDraw ® are designed to help customers improve documentation accuracy, speed time to market, and lower publishing costs.

 

   

Arbortext Editor is a component-based authoring tool used to create dynamic content for multiple output types. Arbortext Editor looks and works like familiar word processing software but is able to create reusable content components, which can be aggregated into dynamic, customized publications. With Arbortext Editor, documents can be created by multiple contributors and the document components are reusable. Consequently, when changes to content are made, those changes will be reflected wherever that content is used.

 

   

Arbortext IsoDraw ® is a technical illustration solution that enables companies to create both 2D and 3D technical illustrations and animations from scratch or from existing CAD data. Illustrations and animations created using Arbortext IsoDraw can be embedded in the Arbortext documents resulting in rich technical publications.

Mathcad ® is an engineering calculation software solution that combines a computational engine, accessed through conventional math notation, with a full-featured word processor and graphing tools. Mathcad allows customers to determine their Pro/ENGINEER designs and predict the behavior of a Pro/ENGINEER model, which can then be validated using our Pro/ENGINEER CAE solutions. This approach can help our customers speed time to market by significantly reducing the number of iterations necessary to complete a design. In addition, when combined with our Windchill solutions, the valuable intellectual property captured in Mathcad can be managed and shared securely with others for reuse and for regulatory compliance.

Maintenance Services

We offer maintenance support plans for our software products. Participating customers receive periodic software updates and also have direct access to our global technical support team of certified engineers for issue resolution. We also provide self-service support tools that allow our customers access to extensive technical support information.

 

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Consulting and Training Services

We offer consulting, implementation and training services through our Global Services Organization, as well as through third-party resellers and other strategic partners. These services enable our customers to adopt and use our solutions more effectively.

Geographic and Segment Information

Financial information about our international and domestic operations, including by segment, may be found in Note N of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” of this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Research and Development

We invest in research and development on an ongoing basis to improve the quality and expand the functionality of our products.

Our research and development expenses were $188.5 million in 2009, $182.0 million in 2008 and $162.4 million in 2007. Additional information about our research and development expenditures may be found in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Results of Operations—Costs and Expenses—Research and Development” of this Annual Report.

Sales and Marketing

We derive most of our revenue from products and services sold directly by our sales force to end-user customers. We also sell products and services through third-party resellers. Our direct sales force focuses on large accounts, while our reseller channel provides a cost-effective means of covering the small and medium-size business market.

Within our direct sales force, we have strategic accounts and general business accounts units. The strategic accounts unit is further divided into vertical groups, such as aerospace and defense, automotive, consumer products, electronics and high technology, industrial products and life sciences. This vertical orientation is mirrored in our services delivery organization and, increasingly, in the products we deliver to strategic accounts. The general business account unit is organized geographically.

We continue to broaden our indirect distribution channel through alliances with third-party resellers and other strategic partners who provide products and/or services that complement our offerings. Our resellers distribute our products and provide related services throughout North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific; our other strategic partners complement our product development system with ancillary offerings.

Competition

We compete primarily in the product development market, including the PLM market and the CAx market. We compete with a number of companies that offer solutions that address specific functional areas covered by our solutions, including: Dassault Systemes SA and Siemens AG (as a result of its acquisition of UGS Corp in 2007) for traditional MCAD solutions, PLM solutions, manufacturing planning solutions and visualization and digital mock-up solutions; and Oracle Corporation (as a result of its acquisition of Agile Software Corporation in 2007) for PLM solutions. In addition, we compete with SAP AG, which has entered the PLM market and offers a solution that controls product data within the larger framework of its Enterprise Resource Planning solution. We believe our PLM solutions are more specifically targeted toward the product development processes within manufacturing companies and offer broader and deeper functionality for those processes than ERP-based solutions.

 

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We also compete in the CAx market with design products such as Autodesk, Inc.’s Inventor, Siemens AG’s Solid Edge and Dassault Systemes’ SolidWorks for sales to smaller manufacturing customers.

Proprietary Rights

Our software products and related technical know-how, along with our trademarks, including our company names, product names and logos, are proprietary. We protect our intellectual property rights in these items by relying on copyrights, trademarks, patents and common law safeguards, including trade secret protection. We also use license management and other anti-piracy technology measures, as well as contractual restrictions, to curtail the unauthorized use and distribution of our products.

Our proprietary rights are subject to risks and uncertainties described under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” below. You should read that discussion, which is incorporated into this section by reference.

Backlog

We generally ship our products within 30 days after receipt of a customer order. A high percentage of our license revenue historically has been generated in the third month of each fiscal quarter, and this revenue tends to be concentrated in the later part of that month. Accordingly, orders may exist at the end of a quarter that have not been shipped and not been recognized as revenue. We do not believe that our backlog at any particular point in time is indicative of future sales levels.

Employees

As of September 30, 2009, we had 5,165 employees, including 1,295 in sales and marketing; 1,412 in customer support, training and consulting; 522 in general and administration; and 1,936 in product development. Of these employees, 1,837 were located in the United States and 3,328 were located outside the United States.

Website Access to Reports and Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

We make available free of charge on our website at www.ptc.com the following reports as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing them with, or furnishing them to, the SEC: our Annual Reports on Form 10-K; our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q; our Current Reports on Form 8-K; and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Sections 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Our Proxy Statements for our Annual Meetings and Section 16 trading reports on SEC Forms 3, 4 and 5 also are available on our website. The reference to our website is not intended to incorporate information on our website into this Annual Report by reference.

Our Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers is also available on our website. Additional information about this code and amendments and waivers thereto can be found below in Part III, Item 10 of this Annual Report.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

Information about our executive officers is incorporated by reference from Part III, Item 10 of this Annual Report.

Corporate Information

PTC was incorporated in Massachusetts in 1985 and is headquartered in Needham, Massachusetts.

 

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ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

The following are important factors we have identified that could affect our future results. You should consider them carefully when evaluating forward-looking statements made by us, including those contained in this Annual Report, because these factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements. The risks described below are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may also materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

I. Operational Considerations

Weakness in the United States and international economies may continue to adversely affect our business.

We experienced a challenging economic environment in 2009 in which customers in all geographic regions in which we operate reduced or deferred purchases of our products and services. Our license revenue declined 36% from 2008 and our services and maintenance businesses declined in the second half of 2009 as well. Although there are some indications that the economy in the U.S. has begun to recover, the U.S. economy may not recover or may deteriorate further, which could continue to adversely affect our operations and results in 2010. The economies of Europe and the Asia Pacific region do not appear to have begun to recover and may remain distressed well into 2010 or longer, which will continue to harm our operations and results in 2010. Further, the steep declines in license revenue in 2009 are likely to adversely impact our maintenance and services revenues in 2010, even if the economy recovers.

Competition is intensifying, which may reduce our profits and limit or reduce our market share.

The market for product development solutions is rapidly changing and is increasingly competitive. We expect competition to intensify, which could result in price reductions for our products and services, reduced margins and loss of market share. Our primary competition comes from:

 

   

larger, more well-known enterprise software providers who have extended, or may seek to extend, the functionality of their products to encompass PLM or who may develop and/or purchase PLM technology; and

 

   

other vendors of engineering information management software.

The CAx market is characterized by intense competition for customers. However, the nature of this market (which is relatively mature and whose growth has slowed) and the number and nature of the competitive products (which have increasingly similar functionality) make it difficult to gain new customers. Moreover, decreasing product differentiation and the training, data conversion and other startup costs associated with system replacement make it more difficult to dislodge incumbent design systems.

In addition, recent consolidation within the software industry has given rise to new and stronger competitors.

We must continually modify and enhance our products to keep pace with changing technology and address our customers’ needs and expectations, and any failure to do so could reduce demand for our products.

Our ability to remain competitive will depend on our ability to enhance our current offerings and develop new products and services that keep pace with technological developments and meet evolving customer requirements through:

 

   

internal research and development and quality assurance programs;

 

   

acquisition or license of technology; and

 

   

strategic partnerships.

 

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In addition, our solutions must meet customer expectations to be successful, especially with respect to:

 

   

return on investment and value creation;

 

   

ease and speed of installation;

 

   

ease-of-use and interoperability;

 

   

full capability, functionality and performance;

 

   

ability to support a large, diverse and geographically dispersed user base, including the ability to support global product development programs; and

 

   

quality and efficiency of the services performed by us and our partners relating to implementation and configuration.

If our solutions fail to meet customer expectations, customers may discontinue adoption of our solutions, resulting in a loss of potential additional sales, and we may be unable to retain existing customers or attract new customers.

Businesses we acquire may not generate the revenue and earnings we anticipated.

We have acquired, and intend to continue to acquire, new businesses and technologies. If we fail to successfully integrate and manage the businesses and technologies we acquire, our operating results may be adversely affected.

Moreover, business combinations also involve a number of risks and uncertainties that can adversely affect our operations and operating results, including:

 

   

diversion of management’s attention;

 

   

loss of key personnel;

 

   

unanticipated operating difficulties in connection with the acquired entities, including potential declines in revenue of the acquired entity;

 

   

entry into unfamiliar markets, which creates new product, sales, services and support requirements;

 

   

assumption of unanticipated legal or financial liabilities;

 

   

incurring debt to finance an acquisition;

 

   

impairment of acquired intangible assets, including goodwill; and

 

   

dilution to our earnings per share if we were to issue stock as consideration.

Our financial condition could be adversely affected if significant errors or defects are found in our software.

Sophisticated software often contains errors, defects or other performance problems when first introduced or when new versions or enhancements are released, as these enhanced versions contain additional programming code and third party sourced functionality that must work across our large product suite. If errors or defects are discovered in our current or future products, we may need to expend significant financial, technical and management resources, or divert some of our development resources, in order to resolve or work around those defects, and we may not be able to correct them in a timely manner or provide an adequate response to our customers.

Errors, defects or other performance problems in our products could cause us to delay product releases or customer deployments. Any such delays could cause delays in our ability to realize revenue from the licensing and shipment of new or enhanced products and give our competitors a greater opportunity to market competing

 

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products. Such difficulties could also cause us to lose customers. Technical problems or the loss of customers could also damage our business reputation and cause us to lose new business opportunities.

We are dependent on key personnel whose loss could impair our operations, our product development or our sales efforts.

Our success depends upon our ability to attract and retain highly skilled managerial, technical and sales personnel.

We require highly skilled technical personnel to develop our products. Competition for such personnel in our industry is intense. If we are unable to attract and retain technical personnel with the requisite skills, our product development efforts could be delayed, which could adversely affect our revenues and profitability.

Our sales efforts rely on having a sufficient number of sales representatives with the skills and knowledge necessary to sell our products, including an ability to educate our customers about our products in order to create and meet demand for our products. If we are unable to attract or retain sales personnel with the requisite expertise, our revenue could be adversely affected.

At times we provide extended payment terms to our customers, which may be a factor in our customers’ purchasing decisions, and our revenues could be adversely affected if we ceased making these terms available.

We have provided extended payment terms to certain customers in connection with transactions we have completed with them. Providing extended payment terms may positively influence our customers’ purchasing decisions but may reduce our cash flows in the short-term. If we reduce the amount of extended payment terms we provide to customers, customers might reduce or defer the amount they spend on our products and services from the amount they might otherwise have spent if extended payment terms were available to them. If this were to occur, our revenue or revenue growth could be lower than in prior periods and/or lower than we expect.

We may be unable to adequately protect our proprietary rights.

Our software products and trademarks, including our company names, product names and logos, are proprietary. We protect our intellectual property rights in these items by relying on copyrights, trademarks, patents and common law safeguards, including trade secret protection, as well as restrictions on disclosures and transferability contained in our agreements with other parties. Despite these measures, the laws of all relevant jurisdictions may not afford adequate protection to our products and other intellectual property. In addition, we frequently encounter attempts by individuals and companies to pirate our software solutions. If our measures to protect our intellectual property rights fail, others may be able to use those rights, which could reduce our competitiveness and revenues.

Intellectual property infringement claims could be asserted against us, which could be expensive to defend and could result in limitations on our use of the claimed intellectual property.

The software industry is characterized by frequent litigation regarding copyright, patent and other intellectual property rights. While we have not had any significant claims of this type asserted against us, such claims could be asserted against us in the future. If a lawsuit of this type is filed, it could result in significant expense to us and divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel. We cannot be sure that we would prevail against any such asserted claims. If we did not prevail, we could be prevented from using that intellectual property or required to enter into royalty or licensing agreements, which might not be available on terms acceptable to us. In addition to possible claims with respect to our proprietary products, some of our products contain technology developed by and licensed from third parties and we may likewise be susceptible to infringement claims with respect to these third-party technologies.

 

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Our sales and operations are globally dispersed, which exposes us to additional operating and compliance risks.

We sell and deliver software and services, and maintain support operations, in a large number of countries, whose laws and practices differ from one another. North America accounted for 37%, Europe for 40% and Asia-Pacific for 23% of our revenue in 2009. Managing these geographically dispersed operations requires significant attention and resources to ensure compliance with laws. Accordingly, while we maintain a comprehensive compliance program, we cannot guarantee that an employee, agent or business partner will not act in violation of our policies or U.S. or other applicable laws. Such violations can lead to civil and/or criminal prosecutions, substantial fines and the revocation of our rights to continue certain operations and also cause both business and reputation loss.

Our cost structure is relatively fixed in the short term, which makes it difficult to reduce our expenses quickly in response to declines in revenue or revenue growth.

We make expenditures to support our revenue growth in advance of achieving the expected revenue. Our expenses associated with headcount and facilities can be difficult to reduce quickly due to the nature of those items. If revenue does not grow as we expect or if it declines, our expenses may constitute a larger percentage of our operating budget than we planned, which would adversely affect our profitability.

II. Other Considerations

We are currently defending a lawsuit seeking substantial damages in which we could be liable.

On August 2, 2007, GE Capital Leasing Corporation (now GE Financial Services Corporation, “GEFS”) filed a lawsuit against us in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The lawsuit alleges that GEFS was fraudulently induced to provide over $60 million in financing to Toshiba Corporation for purchases of third party products, predominantly PTC products, during the period from 2003 to 2006. GEFS claims that PTC participated in the alleged scheme or, alternatively, should have been aware of the scheme and made negligent misrepresentations that enabled the scheme to continue undetected. GEFS’s complaint claims damages of $47 million and seeks three times that amount plus attorneys’ fees. On October 2, 2008, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts entered an order granting PTC’s motion to dismiss GEFS’s complaint subject to certain conditions, including PTC’s agreement to provide certain discovery to GEFS and to assent to personal jurisdiction in Japan. On November 17, 2008, GEFS filed a motion to vacate the court’s October 2nd order and to seek to continue the case in the U.S. We have opposed GEFS’s motion.

On January 7, 2009, GEFS also filed an action in Tokyo District Court in Japan against PTC’s Japanese subsidiary, PTC Japan K.K. The lawsuit arises from the same underlying transactions as the Massachusetts lawsuit and seeks damages of 5,808,384,889 Yen (approximately $65 million as of September 30, 2009) plus interest of 5% per year on such amount since April 27, 2007 and costs of the lawsuit. Subsequently, the Tokyo District Court consolidated this newly filed action with GEFS’s pending action against Toshiba and other parties to the transactions, which was filed in the Tokyo District Court in August 2007. In the Japanese action, GEFS alleges that employees of PTC Japan committed wrongful acts in cooperation with employees of other companies involved in the transactions, including an employee of Toshiba who was criminally convicted for obtaining fraudulent loans. GEFS alleges that the wrongful acts committed by PTC Japan employees caused GEFS’s damages and that PTC Japan, as an employer, is jointly and severally liable for GEFS’s losses along with the other defendants.

We dispute GEFS’s claims and are contesting them vigorously. As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, revenue of 4,658,162,417 Yen ($51.9 million and $43.8 million, respectively) that was previously recorded for the transactions at issue has been deferred and recorded as customer advances in our consolidated balance sheets. That liability will remain recorded until the rights and obligations of the several companies connected with the Toshiba transactions are resolved. The change in customer advances at September 30, 2009 from September 30,

 

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2008 is due to foreign currency translation adjustments. We have not accrued any other liability for this matter as of September 30, 2009 as an amount potentially payable, if any, is not estimable. To the extent that matters are resolved in an amount less than the recorded customer advances liability, we will reduce customer advances and record the portion retained to revenue or other income at that time. To the extent that matters are resolved in an amount in excess of the recorded customer advances liability, we would record expense for the amount due in excess of our recorded liability.

We have a revolving credit facility and may incur additional debt under that facility.

Under the terms of our credit facility, we may borrow funds up to $230 million, repay the same in whole or in part and re-borrow at any time through February 20, 2011, when all amounts outstanding will be due and payable in full. We currently have $58 million outstanding under this facility resulting from our acquisition of CoCreate Software GmbH in November 2007. We may borrow additional amounts under the credit facility in the future to support our operations, including additional strategic acquisitions.

In addition, we are required to comply with the required financial and operating covenants, which limits our ability to operate our business as we otherwise might operate it. Our failure to comply with any of these covenants or to meet our payment obligations could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, would result in all amounts outstanding, including all accrued interest and unpaid fees, becoming immediately due and payable. We may not have sufficient working capital or liquidity to satisfy our repayment obligations in the event of an acceleration of those obligations. In addition, if we are not in compliance with the financial and operating covenants at the time we wish to borrow funds, we will be unable to borrow funds or to borrow additional funds.

Our operating results fluctuate from quarter to quarter, which makes it difficult to predict our revenue and operating results and could adversely affect our stock price.

Our quarterly operating results historically have fluctuated and are likely to continue to fluctuate depending on a number of factors, including:

 

   

a high percentage of our revenue historically has been generated in the third month of each fiscal quarter and any failure to receive, complete or process orders at the end of any quarter could cause us to fall short of our revenue targets;

 

   

a growing percentage of our revenue comes from our PLM solutions, which tend to be sold in larger deals with longer lead times that are less predictable;

 

   

our operating expenses are based on expected revenues and any failure to achieve our revenue targets could cause us to fall short of our earnings targets as well;

 

   

our mix of license and service revenues can vary from quarter to quarter, creating variability in our operating margins;

 

   

because a significant portion of our revenue is in foreign currency and a significant portion of our expense structure is located internationally, shifts in foreign currency exchange rates could adversely affect our reported revenue and/or expenses; and

 

   

we may incur significant expenses in a quarter in connection with corporate development initiatives, restructuring efforts or our investigation, defense or settlement of legal actions that would increase our operating expenses for the quarter in which those expenses are incurred.

Accordingly, our quarterly results are difficult to predict prior to the end of the quarter and we may be unable to confirm or adjust expectations with respect to our operating results for a particular quarter until that quarter has closed. Any failure to meet our quarterly revenue or earnings targets could adversely impact the market price of our stock.

 

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Our stock price has been volatile, which may make it harder to resell your shares at a time and at a price that is favorable to you.

Market prices for securities of software companies are generally volatile and are subject to significant fluctuations unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of these companies. The trading prices and valuations of these stocks, and of ours, may not be predictable. Negative changes in the public’s perception of the prospects of software companies, or of PTC or the markets we serve, could depress our stock price regardless of our results.

Also, a large percentage of our common stock is held by institutional investors. Purchases and sales of our common stock by these institutional investors could have a significant impact on the market price of the stock. For more information about those investors, please see our proxy statement with respect to our most recent annual meeting of stockholders and Schedules 13D and 13G filed with the SEC with respect to our common stock.

 

ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

ITEM 2. Properties

We currently lease 112 offices used in operations in the United States and internationally, predominately as sales and/or support offices and for research and development work. Of our total of approximately 1,308,000 square feet of leased facilities used in operations, approximately 597,000 square feet are located in the U.S., including 329,000 square feet of our headquarters facility located in Needham, Massachusetts. The lease for our headquarters began in December 2000 and expires in November 2012, subject to certain renewal rights. We also lease space comprising approximately 433,000 square feet, which is not used for our current operations and is primarily subleased to third parties. As described in Notes C and H of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” lease commitments on unused facilities in excess of expected sublease income have been included in our restructuring provisions. We believe that our facilities are adequate for our present needs.

 

ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings

On August 2, 2007, GE Capital Leasing Corporation (now GE Financial Services Corporation, “GEFS”) filed a lawsuit against us in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The lawsuit alleges that GEFS was fraudulently induced to provide over $60 million in financing to Toshiba Corporation for purchases of third party products, predominantly PTC products, during the period from 2003 to 2006. GEFS claims that PTC participated in the alleged scheme or, alternatively, should have been aware of the scheme and made negligent misrepresentations that enabled the scheme to continue undetected. All of the alleged transactions occurred in Japan. GEFS’s complaint claims damages of $47 million and seeks three times that amount plus attorneys’ fees. On October 2, 2008, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts entered an order granting PTC’s motion to dismiss GEFS’s complaint on the basis that GEFS had commenced the action in the improper forum. The court issued this order subject to certain conditions, including PTC’s agreement to provide certain discovery to GEFS and to assent to personal jurisdiction in Japan. On November 17, 2008, GEFS filed a motion to vacate the court’s October 2nd order and to seek to continue the case in the U.S. We have opposed GEFS’s motion.

On January 7, 2009, GEFS also filed an action in Tokyo District Court in Japan against PTC’s Japanese subsidiary, PTC Japan K.K. The lawsuit arises from the same underlying transactions as the Massachusetts lawsuit and seeks damages of 5,808,384,889 Yen (approximately $65 million as of September 30, 2009) plus interest of 5% per year on such amount since April 27, 2007 and costs of the lawsuit. Subsequently, the Tokyo District Court consolidated this newly filed action with GEFS’s pending action against Toshiba and other parties

 

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to the transactions, which was filed in the Tokyo District Court in August 2007. In the Japanese action, GEFS alleges that employees of PTC Japan committed wrongful acts in cooperation with employees of other companies involved in the transactions, including an employee of Toshiba who was criminally convicted for obtaining fraudulent loans. GEFS alleges that the wrongful acts committed by PTC Japan employees caused GEFS’s damages and that PTC Japan, as an employer, is jointly and severally liable for GEFS’s losses along with the other defendants.

We dispute GEFS’s claims and are contesting them vigorously. As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, revenue of 4,658,162,417 Yen ($51.9 million and $43.8 million, respectively) that was previously recorded for the transactions at issue has been deferred and recorded as customer advances in our consolidated balance sheets. That liability will remain recorded until the rights and obligations of the several companies connected with the Toshiba transactions are resolved. The change in customer advances at September 30, 2009 from September 30, 2008 is due to foreign currency translation adjustments. We have not accrued any other liability for this matter as of September 30, 2009 as an amount potentially payable, if any, is not estimable. To the extent that matters are resolved in an amount less than the recorded customer advances liability, we will reduce customer advances and record the portion retained to revenue or other income at that time. To the extent that matters are resolved in an amount in excess of the recorded customer advances liability, we would record expense for the amount due in excess of our recorded liability.

We also are subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. We currently believe that resolving these other matters will not have a material adverse impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

ITEM 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the last quarter of 2009.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Information with respect to the market for our common stock may be found in the section captioned “Selected Financial Data” in Item 6 below and is incorporated herein by reference.

On September 30, 2009, the close of our fiscal year, our common stock was held by 4,190 shareholders of record. As of November 20, 2009, our common stock was held by 4,152 shareholders of record.

We do not pay cash dividends on our common stock and we retain earnings for use in our business. Although we review our dividend policy periodically, we cannot assure you that our review will cause us to pay any dividends in the future. Further, our revolving credit facility requires us to maintain specified leverage and fixed-charge ratios that limit the amount of dividends that we can pay.

The table below shows the shares of our common stock we repurchased in the fourth quarter of 2009.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Period (1)

  Total Number of Shares
(or Units) Purchased
  Average Price Paid
per Share (or Unit)
  Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs
  Maximum Number
(or Approximate
Dollar Value) of
Shares (or Units)
that May Yet Be
Purchased Under

the Plans or
Programs
 

July 5 – August 1, 2009

  —       —     —     $ 85,130,824 (2) 

August 2 – August 29, 2009

  —       —     —     $ 85,130,824 (2) 

August 30 – September 30, 2009

  353,600   $ 12.94   353,600   $ 80,554,396 (2) 
                     

Total

  353,600   $ 12.94   353,600   $ 80,554,396 (2) 
                     

 

(1) Periods are our fiscal months within the fiscal quarter.
(2) On May 20, 2008, we announced our share repurchase program in the amount of $50 million, and on November 26, 2008, we announced that the repurchase program had been increased to $100 million. The current program will expire on May 31, 2010 unless earlier revoked.

 

ITEM 6. Selected Financial Data

Our five-year summary of selected financial data and quarterly financial data for the past two years is located on the last page of this Form 10-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this Annual Report about anticipated financial results and growth, as well as about the development of our products and markets, are forward-looking statements that are based on our current plans and assumptions. Important information about the bases for these plans and assumptions and factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from these statements is contained below and in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report.

Unless otherwise indicated, all references to a year reflect our fiscal year that ends on September 30.

Executive Overview

The most significant challenge we faced in 2009 was the adverse global economic environment. While we have seen recent signs, including sequential license growth in the second half of 2009 (particularly in North America), that cause us to believe the economy may be beginning to stabilize, we expect that the economic environment will continue to affect our business at least for the near term and that customers (including those of our resellers) may continue delaying purchase decisions or reducing the size of their purchases.

Another significant factor impacting our 2009 results was the decline in the value of certain non-U.S. currencies in which we transact business, particularly the Euro, relative to the U.S. dollar. Compared to 2008, this adversely affected revenue by $39 million and favorably impacted our reported costs and expenses by $41 million, as amounts earned in these currencies are translated into dollars for reporting purposes. While the impact on reported revenue and expenses was significant, the net impact on operating income was not significant.

We recorded $938 million of total revenue in 2009 compared to $1,070 million in 2008. Most significantly, this reflects a decrease in license revenue of 36% (a decrease of $120 million) in 2009 compared to 2008. Economic conditions and the decline in license revenue had a negative impact on our consulting and training services revenue and maintenance revenue in the second half of 2009 and may continue to negatively impact such revenue in 2010.

Primarily as a result of the revenue decline in 2009 compared to 2008, our operating income declined by $106 million in 2009. Net income declined by $48 million in 2009 primarily due to lower operating income, partially offset by a decrease of $54 million in our income tax provision over the same period.

As a result of our lowered revenue expectations for 2009, we took actions beginning in the second quarter of 2009 that reduced or contained our operating costs, including:

 

   

implementing a hiring freeze other than for selected positions that support our key strategic initiatives;

 

   

eliminating annual merit pay increases for our employees;

 

   

reducing travel and marketing related expenses; and

 

   

reducing our workforce, resulting in $23 million of restructuring charges.

Although we took these actions to reduce costs, we chose to make investments in research and development in 2009 in support of strategic product development initiatives.

Our balance sheet remained strong with $235 million of cash and an additional $172 million available on our revolving credit facility as of September 30, 2009. Our cash flow from operations was $70 million in 2009, down $152 million from 2008 primarily as a result of lower operating income in 2009. We used $33 million to complete two small acquisitions, $32 million to repay a portion of our borrowings under our revolving credit facility, and $14 million to repurchase shares of our common stock during 2009.

 

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Fiscal Year 2010 Expectations, Strategies and Risks

We expect that the global economy will improve in fiscal 2010 with recovery in Europe and Asia-Pacific lagging recovery in North America. We believe that this will result in license revenue growth in 2010. However, we expect that the steep license revenue decline we saw in 2009 will continue to adversely impact our maintenance and services businesses. As a result, we expect maintenance and services revenue in 2010 to be relatively flat with 2009. Further, our revenue and operating results may continue to be impacted by currency fluctuations.

If economic growth in North America does not improve, or if the economies of countries in Europe or Asia-Pacific are slower to recover than we expect, customers may continue to delay, reduce or forego technology purchases. This could result in further reductions in sales of our products, longer sales cycles, slower adoption of new technologies and increased price competition.

Balancing a continuing difficult economic situation with the longer-term opportunity for the business, we are modestly increasing investments in our business that we believe are critical to delivering value to our customers and will help us gain market share, drive faster top line growth and improve operating profitability over the longer term. These investments include:

 

   

investing in research and development to extend our technology leadership position with further enhancements to our product families including Windchill, Pro/ENGINEER, CoCreate, Arbortext, Mathcad and ProductPoint;

 

   

continuing to evolve our distribution model through increased investment in support of our reseller channel and investment in developing a network of enterprise reseller partners; and

 

   

enhancing and leveraging the value of our services business through expansion of our services ecosystem, including the addition of strategic services partners.

Continued macroeconomic pressure or additional declines in revenue beyond that which we expect could cause us to reduce or delay these strategic investments and/or take further actions to reduce our operating costs.

We discuss additional factors that may affect our revenue and operating results under Item 1A. “Risk Factors of this Annual Report.

Results of Operations

Explanatory Note about a Correction in our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended July 4, 2009

In our consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended July 4, 2009 (as presented in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 4, 2009), we incorrectly classified $13.1 million of windfall tax benefits as a cash flow from operating activities rather than as a cash flow from financing activities. For the nine months ended July 4, 2009, cash provided by operating activities should have been $64.2 million and cash used by financing activities should have been $30.1 million. This error had no impact on our consolidated balance sheet or statement of operations. Because the misclassification is not material to our consolidated financial statements, the previously filed Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 4, 2009 will not be amended. The corrected consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended July 4, 2009 will be included as a comparable period in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending July 3, 2010.

Explanatory Note about a Change in Our Revenue Reporting

In the first quarter of 2009, we began classifying revenue from sales of our computer-based training products as license and maintenance revenue to better align our reporting with how these training products are

 

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sold to customers. Prior to that, computer-based training product revenue, and maintenance thereon, was classified as consulting and training service revenue and included in total service revenue. For 2008, $16.2 million of license revenue and $3.5 million of maintenance revenue has been reclassified from consulting and training service revenue and related costs of $0.9 million have been reclassified from cost of service to cost of license. For 2007, $21.2 million of license revenue and $3.1 million of maintenance revenue has been reclassified from consulting and training service revenue, and related costs of $1.5 million have been reclassified from cost of service to cost of license. This reclassification had no impact on total revenue, operating income or net income. The amounts below for 2008 and 2007 have been reclassified to conform to the current classification and the discussion below gives effect to this change.

Impact of Foreign Currency Exchange on Results of Operations

Approximately two thirds of our revenue and half of our expenses are transacted in currencies outside of the U.S. Because we report our results of operations in U.S. dollars, currency translation affects our reported results. On a year-over-year comparative basis, our revenues for both 2008 and 2007 benefited as a result of changes in currency exchange rates, primarily the Euro and the Japanese Yen. Conversely, our expenses were higher as a result of changes in these rates. If actual reported results were converted into U.S. dollars based on the corresponding prior year’s foreign currency exchange rates, 2009 revenue would have been higher by $38.5 million and 2008 revenue would have been lower by $57.8 million, while 2009 expenses would have been higher by $41.0 million and 2008 expenses would have been lower by $37.7 million. The net impact on year-over-year results would have been an increase in operating income of $2.5 million in 2009 and a decrease in operating income of $20.1 million in 2008. The results of operations, revenue by line of business and revenue by geographic region in the tables that follow present both actual percentage changes year over year and percentage changes on a constant currency basis.

Impact of Reversal of Valuation Allowance

Net income for 2007 reflects a non-cash tax benefit of $58.9 million recorded in the third quarter of 2007 primarily associated with our reversal of valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets in the U.S. and a foreign jurisdiction.

Overview

The following is a summary of our results of operations for the last three years, which includes the results of operations of companies we acquired beginning on their acquisition date.

 

     2009     Percent Change     2008     Percent Change     2007  
     Actual     Constant
Currency
      Actual     Constant
Currency
   
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Total revenue

   $ 938.2      (12 )%    (9 )%    $ 1,070.3      14   8   $ 941.3   

Total costs and expenses

     918.9      (3 )%    2     945.1      11   7     848.5   
                                

Operating income

     19.3      (85 )%    (87 )%      125.2      35   13     92.8   

Other income (expense), net

     (2.1         (6.3         6.9   
                                

Income before income taxes

     17.2            118.9            99.7   

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

     (14.3         39.2            (44.0
                                

Net income

   $ 31.5          $ 79.7          $ 143.7   
                                

 

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2009 compared to 2008

Revenue decreased in 2009 from 2008 primarily due to a decrease in license revenue caused by the adverse economic environment in which customers reduced and delayed purchases and due to the unfavorable impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements on revenue described above.

Costs and expenses decreased in 2009 from 2008 primarily due to the favorable impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements on costs and expenses described above and due to actions taken to reduce our expenses described above in “Executive Overview.” These decreases in costs and expenses were partially offset by higher research and development costs as a result of continuing investments to improve our products.

2008 compared to 2007

Revenue increased in 2008 from 2007 primarily due to revenue from the CoCreate business, which we acquired in the first quarter of 2008, and the favorable impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements, as well as organic growth in maintenance and consulting and training service revenue.

Costs and expenses increased in 2008 from 2007 primarily due to costs of the CoCreate business, the impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements, measured spending increases to support planned revenue growth, restructuring charges from our cost reduction and globalization measures, and increased amortization of intangible assets and in-process research and development charges associated with our acquisitions.

Refer to “Revenue” and “Costs and Expenses” below for a more detailed discussion.

Revenue

Our revenue consists of software license revenue and service revenue. Service revenue includes software maintenance revenue (consisting of providing our customers software updates and technical support) as well as consulting and training revenue (including implementation services).

 

     2009    Percent Change     2008    Percent Change     2007
      Actual     Constant
Currency
       Actual     Constant
Currency
   
     (Dollar amounts in millions)

License revenue

   $ 212.7    (36 )%    (34 )%    $ 332.4    5   —     $ 317.3

Service revenue:

                

Maintenance revenue

     499.1    —     3     501.0    22   15     411.5

Consulting and training service revenue

     226.4    (4 )%    1     236.9    11   5     212.5
                            

Total service revenue

     725.5    (2 )%    3     737.9    18   11     624.0
                            

Total revenue

   $ 938.2    (12 )%    (9 )%    $ 1,070.3    14   8   $ 941.3
                            

 

     Revenue by Category
as a Percentage of
Total Revenue
 
     2009     2008     2007  

License revenue

   23   31   34

Maintenance revenue

   53      47      44   

Consulting and training service revenue

   24      22      22   
                  
   100   100   100
                  

 

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Revenue results for 2009 reflect weak license sales as customers reduced the amount of their purchases and delayed purchasing decisions in an adverse macroeconomic environment. Additionally, compared to the prior year, revenue in 2009 was negatively impacted by unfavorable changes in foreign currency exchange rates in most foreign currencies in which we do business. While our maintenance and services businesses performed well in the first half of 2009, economic conditions and declines in license revenue had a negative impact on our maintenance and service businesses in the second half of 2009.

Revenue growth in 2008 reflects revenue from acquired businesses, particularly CoCreate which we acquired on November 30, 2007. Results for 2007 did not include CoCreate revenue, while results for 2008 included ten months of CoCreate revenue ($68.1 million). Total revenue in 2008 benefited from favorable changes in foreign currency exchange rates in foreign currencies in which we do business. The increase in revenue in 2008 also reflects organic growth of our Windchill solutions and growth in maintenance revenue. These increases were partially offset by declines in consulting and training service revenue related to our MCAD solutions, particularly in North America. A portion of this decline was anticipated as we continue to work to improve our operating margins by developing our reseller and partner channel to offer these services to customers directly. We also experienced lower than anticipated revenue from our computer-based training products.

License Revenue

2009 compared to 2008

License revenue in 2009 decreased year over year in every region and across most of our major product families. License revenue in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific declined $14.3 million (14%), $63.6 million (49%) and $41.7 million (42%), respectively. Overall license revenue in 2009 was unfavorably impacted by approximately $7.2 million due to unfavorable foreign currency exchange rate movements.

2008 compared to 2007

License revenue in 2008 reflects growth in Europe of $27.4 million (27%), partially offset by an $8.1 million (7%) decline in North America and a $3.9 million (6%) decline in the Pacific Rim. Growth in license revenue in 2008 was primarily due to sales of CoCreate products, which contributed $16.4 million of license revenue, and the impact of favorable currency movements. Changes in currency exchange rates, primarily the Euro, favorably impacted license revenue by $15.4 million in 2008.

In 2008, Pro/ENGINEER new seat license revenue growth of 6% was offset by a 16% decrease in revenue from Pro/ENGINEER upgrades and modules. We believe that our Pro/ENGINEER upgrades and modules license revenue in the first half of 2008 was negatively impacted by the end of the Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 product cycle and the launch of Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 4.0 in January 2008 as customers may have deferred purchases of those items until they have implemented Wildfire 4.0. License sales of our PLM products were up 9% in 2008, primarily due to higher sales of Windchill PDMLink. Total Windchill license revenue relative to the number of new seats varies quarter to quarter based on the type and volume of seats sold. In 2008, we sold proportionately more light user seats, which have a lower price than heavy user seats. We believe this reflects increased adoption of Windchill beyond the engineering organization as heavy user seats are used by engineers while light user seats are used outside the engineering function.

Maintenance Revenue

Maintenance revenue represents renewals of seats under maintenance and maintenance on new seat licenses. In 2009 and 2008, maintenance revenue was impacted by foreign currency exchange rate movements and sales of acquired products, primarily CoCreate products.

 

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2009 compared to 2008

In 2009, our maintenance revenue was adversely impacted by the global economic climate and significant declines in license revenue. This resulted in a decrease in maintenance revenue, particularly in the second half of 2009, which we expect may continue in the near term. The decline in maintenance revenue in 2009 reflects a 1% decrease in seats under maintenance as of the end of 2009 compared to the end of 2008, including a 2% decrease in Pro/ENGINEER seats and a 1% decrease in Windchill seats. Maintenance revenue in 2009 includes $10.7 million more CoCreate maintenance revenue than 2008 due to the fact that 2008 results included only 10 months of CoCreate revenue whereas 2009 included a full year of CoCreate revenue. Maintenance revenue in 2009 was unfavorably impacted by $19.0 million as a result of foreign currency exchange rate movements.

2008 compared to 2007

The growth in maintenance revenue in 2008 reflects a 28% increase in seats under maintenance as of the end of 2008 compared to the end of 2007, including a 4% increase in Pro/ENGINEER seats and a 28% increase in Windchill seats. In addition, the growth reflects the addition of CoCreate maintenance customers and favorable foreign currency exchange rate movements. CoCreate maintenance contributed $47.1 million of revenue in 2008. Maintenance revenue in 2008 was favorably impacted by $29.5 million as a result of foreign currency exchange rate movements.

Consulting and Training Revenue

Significantly reduced year-over-year license revenue, particularly Windchill license revenue, began to have an adverse impact on services revenue in the third and fourth quarters of 2009. This is due to the fact that new licenses, particularly of our PLM solutions, typically carry new services engagements as well. Although we have pending service engagements that we expect to perform, recent and continuing declines in new licenses sold have had, and may continue to have, an adverse effect on future services revenue.

One of our strategic initiatives is to continue to expand our services ecosystem by adding strategic services partners who can focus on smaller engagements, enabling us to focus on larger engagements. This strategy has resulted in a concentration of our services engagements among a smaller number of customers. Our revenue includes a consulting and training service engagement with a large European customer that has benefited all periods presented.

2009 compared to 2008

The decrease in consulting and training service revenue reflects a $6.3 million (16%) decline in training revenue and a $4.3 million (2%) decline in consulting services revenue. Consulting services revenue in 2009 reflects an $8.0 million (15%) decrease in Asia-Pacific offset by a $4.0 million (5%) increase in Europe.

2008 compared to 2007

The increase in consulting and training service revenue reflects an increase in consulting revenue of $17.6 million (10%) and an increase in training revenue of $6.8 million (21%). The increase in consulting and training service revenue in 2008 was primarily the result of continued growth in training services and Windchill implementation consulting in Europe and Asia-Pacific. Consulting services revenue in Europe and Asia-Pacific was up $12.3 million (17%) and $10.9 million (26%), respectively. These increases were partially offset by a $5.6 million (8%) decline in consulting services revenue in North America.

 

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Revenue from Individual Customers

We enter into customer contracts that may result in revenue being recognized over multiple reporting periods. Accordingly, revenue recognized in a current period may be attributable to contracts entered into during the current period or in prior periods. License and/or consulting and training service revenue of $1 million or more recognized from individual customers in a single quarter during the fiscal year was $126.8 million, $165.2 million and $155.3 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. This revenue represented 29% of total license and consulting and training service revenue in 2009, 2008 and 2007. The declines in this revenue in 2009 were primarily declines in license revenue, which we attribute to the unfavorable macroeconomic environment.

Revenue by Geographic Region

 

     2009    Percent Change     2008    Percent Change     2007
      Actual     Constant
Currency
       Actual     Constant
Currency
   
     (Dollar amounts in millions)

Revenue by region:

                

North America

   $ 351.4    (4 )%    (4 )%    $ 364.7    —     —     $ 365.0

Europe

     373.2    (17 )%    (6 )%      450.3    27   15     353.4

Asia-Pacific

     213.6    (16 )%    (20 )%      255.3    15   9     222.9
                            
   $ 938.2    (12 )%    (9 )%    $ 1,070.3    14   8   $ 941.3
                            

Revenue by region as a % of total revenue:

 

     2009     2008     2007  

North America

   37   34   39

Europe

   40   42   37

Asia-Pacific

   23   24   24

We believe the Asia-Pacific region, particularly China, continues to present an important growth opportunity because global manufacturing companies have continued to invest in that region and the market in that region for both our PLM solutions and MCAD solutions is relatively unsaturated. Economic growth in the United States slowed in 2008 and macroeconomic conditions deteriorated significantly in the last quarter of 2008 and first half of 2009. In the second half of 2009, we began to see some recovery in North America. We expect the recovery to follow in Europe, followed by Asia-Pacific. The Europe region has a consulting and training service engagement with a large customer that has benefitted all periods presented.

North America

2009 compared to 2008

Revenue in North America in 2009 reflects a year-over-year decline of $14.3 million (14%) in license revenue, partially offset by $3.2 million (2%) growth in maintenance revenue. Our reseller channel revenue declined 7% in North America in 2009.

2008 compared to 2007

Revenue in North America in 2008 reflects year-over-year declines of $8.1 million (7%) in license revenue and $4.2 million (5%) in consulting and training service revenue offset by $11.9 million (7%) growth in maintenance revenue. Our reseller channel revenue grew in excess of 12% in North America in 2008 as we continued to increase our use of channel partners.

 

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Europe

2009 compared to 2008

Revenue in Europe in 2009 reflects year-over-year declines of $63.6 million (49%) in license revenue and $14.3 million (6%) in maintenance revenue offset by $0.8 million (1%) growth in consulting and training service revenue. European revenue in 2009 was unfavorably impacted by foreign currency exchange rate movements, particularly with respect to the Euro. At foreign currency exchange rates consistent with the prior year, revenue in 2009 would have been higher by $49.1 million. Excluding the impact of currency movements, revenue in 2009 reflects a $55.2 million (43%) decline in license revenue, partially offset by a $15.1 million (15%) increase in consulting and training services revenue and a $12.1 million (5%) increase in maintenance revenue.

2008 compared to 2007

Revenue in Europe included growth in both organic revenue across all lines of business and revenue from acquired products, particularly CoCreate products. Organic revenue in Europe in 2008 grew 16% and the sale of CoCreate products and services in Europe contributed $37.5 million of revenue in 2008. Revenue was favorably impacted $44.9 million by foreign currency exchange rate movements.

Asia-Pacific

2009 compared to 2008

Revenue in Asia-Pacific in 2009 reflects year-over-year declines of $14.1 million (12%) in Japan and $27.6 million (20%) in the Pacific Rim. The decline in Japan’s revenue, which comprised 49% of total Asia-Pacific revenue in 2009, consisted of a $22.6 million decrease in license revenue partially offset by:

 

   

an $8.3 million increase in maintenance revenue;

 

   

favorable changes in the Yen exchange rate relative to the U.S. dollar (an impact of $11.8 million); and

 

   

an increase in revenue from CoCreate products of $2.3 million.

The decline in revenue in the Pacific Rim primarily consisted of a decrease in license revenue of $19.2 million and a decrease in consulting and training service revenue of $9.1 million.

2008 compared to 2007

Revenue in Asia-Pacific in 2008 reflects year-over-year growth of $11.6 million (9%) in the Pacific Rim and $20.8 million (21%) growth in Japan. The increase in revenue in the Pacific Rim in 2008 was attributable to 19% growth in maintenance revenue and 31% growth in consulting and training service revenue. Growth in Japan was primarily attributable to higher maintenance revenue from acquired products, particularly CoCreate products. Revenue from the sale of CoCreate products and services in Japan contributed $20.3 million of revenue in 2008, including $13.8 million of maintenance revenue.

Revenue from Our Reseller Channel

Our diverse and geographically dispersed resellers focus on smaller businesses, enabling our direct sales force to focus on larger sales opportunities. Total sales from our reseller channel were:

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Revenue

   $ 235.2      (13 )%    $ 271.9      39   $ 195.2   

% of total revenue

     25       25       21

 

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The decline in 2009 reflects decreases in all major geographic regions. Excluding CoCreate revenue, our channel revenue in 2009 and 2008 was down 16% and up 17%, respectively, year over year. Despite the decline in 2009, we expect our channel revenue to comprise a growing percentage of our total revenue as we continue to focus on expanding our use of resellers.

We attribute the revenue increase from our reseller channel in 2008 to our efforts to expand our reseller channel, to the success of Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire among small- and medium-size businesses and to sales of acquired CoCreate, Arbortext and Mathsoft products. In 2008 compared to 2007, growth came from all major geographic regions and was the result of organic revenue growth, the addition of CoCreate channel revenue and the impact of favorable foreign currency exchange rate movements.

Costs and Expenses

 

     2009    Percent
Change
    2008    Percent
Change
    2007
     (Dollar amounts in millions)

Costs and Expenses

            

Cost of license revenue

   $ 30.0    —     $ 30.1    72   $ 17.5

Cost of service revenue

     279.8    (7 )%      300.7    10     273.3

Sales and marketing

     301.4    (2 )%      306.9    5     292.2

Research and development

     188.5    4     182.0    12     162.4

General and administrative

     80.6    (8 )%      87.8    10     79.8

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     15.6    —       15.6    109     7.5

In-process research and development

     0.3    (84 )%      1.9    247     0.5

Restructuring and other charges

     22.7    13     20.1    31     15.3
                        

Total costs and expenses

   $ 918.9    (3 )%*    $ 945.1    11 %*    $ 848.5
                        

 

* On a consistent foreign currency basis from the prior period, total costs and expenses increased 2% from 2008 to 2009 and increased 7% from 2007 to 2008.

Total Costs and Expenses

2009 compared to 2008

Costs and expenses in 2009 decreased primarily as a result of foreign currency exchange rate movements ($41.0 million). If actual reported results were converted into U.S. dollars based on the corresponding prior year’s foreign currency exchange rates, 2009 expenses would have been $959.9 million.

Headcount was 5,165 at September 30, 2009, compared to 5,087 at September 30, 2008. The net increase in headcount was primarily due to:

 

   

an increase in research and development personnel resulting primarily from our strategic decision to increase our investment in product development;

 

   

an increase of an aggregate of more than 70 employees from our 2009 acquisitions of Synapsis and Relex; and

 

   

an increase in headcount in locations where labor costs are lower.

These increases in headcount were offset by the effects of our cost reduction and containment measures undertaken in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2009 (described in “Executive Overview” above).

 

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Total costs and expenses in 2009 compared to 2008 reflect an $11.6 million decrease in commissions due to lower sales and a $6.0 million decrease in performance-based compensation as our 2009 performance-based plans were not earned in full.

2008 compared to 2007

Total costs and expenses were adversely impacted by foreign currency exchange rates as costs and expenses incurred in Europe and Asia-Pacific were translated into U.S. Dollars. Also, headcount increased to 5,087 at the end of 2008 compared to 4,449 at the end of 2007, due in part to acquisitions completed in 2008 and investments to support our business. Total costs and expenses in 2008 compared to 2007 reflect the following:

 

   

acquisitions completed in 2008, particularly CoCreate in the first quarter of 2008, that added operating costs and increased headcount by an aggregate of more than 250 employees as of the end of 2008 compared to the end of 2007;

 

   

planned spending to support revenue growth, including increasing our services delivery capacity and higher sales commission expense;

 

   

amortization expense, primarily associated with acquired intangible assets, which totaled $35.5 million in 2008 compared to $14.9 million in 2007; and

 

   

$20.1 million of restructuring charges incurred in 2008 compared to $15.3 million in 2007.

Cost of License Revenue

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Cost of license revenue

   $ 30.0      —     $ 30.1      72   $ 17.5   

% of total revenue

     3       3       2

% of total license revenue

     14       9       6

Our cost of license revenue consists of fixed and variable costs associated with reproducing and distributing software and documentation as well as royalties paid to third parties for technology embedded in or licensed with our software products. Year over year, cost of license revenue as a percentage of license revenue was higher in 2009 due primarily to fixed costs that did not decrease with license revenue declines in 2009 compared to 2008. The increase in cost of license revenue in 2008 compared to 2007 was due primarily to higher amortization of acquired software intangible assets of $12.5 million, primarily attributable to the acquisition of CoCreate in 2008. Cost of license revenue as a percent of license revenue can vary depending on product mix sold and the effect of fixed and variable royalties and the level of amortization of acquired software intangible assets.

Cost of Service Revenue

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Cost of service revenue

   $ 279.8      (7 )%    $ 300.7      10   $ 273.3   

% of total revenue

     30       28       29

% of total service revenue

     39       41       44

Service headcount

     1,401      (3 )%      1,441      15     1,256   

Our cost of service revenue includes costs associated with consulting, training and customer support personnel, such as salaries and related costs; third-party subcontractor fees; costs associated with the release of maintenance updates (including related royalty costs); and facility costs. Service margins can vary based on the product mix sold in the period. Margins on maintenance revenue are significantly higher than on consulting and

 

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training service revenue. Maintenance revenue comprised 69% and 68% of total service revenue in 2009 and 2008, respectively, compared to 66% in 2007. Service margins improved in 2009 and 2008 primarily due to a higher mix of maintenance revenue.

Cost of service revenue was lower in 2009 compared to 2008 due to total compensation (including salaries, commissions, bonuses, and stock-based compensation), benefits and travel costs which were $11.7 million lower and the cost of third-party consulting services which was $7.8 million lower due to decreases in consulting and training services revenue. Year-end headcount reflects cost reduction actions taken in 2009.

Year-end services headcount for 2008 included increases from acquisitions as well as increases in our services delivery capacity in certain regions. Total salaries, commissions, benefits and travel costs were higher by an aggregate of $16.5 million in 2008 compared to 2007. The cost of third-party consulting services was $11.2 million higher in 2008 compared to 2007 due to the use of such services in support of increases in consulting and training services revenue.

Sales and Marketing

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Sales and marketing expenses

   $ 301.4      (2 )%    $ 306.9      5   $ 292.2   

% of total revenue

     32       29       31

Sales and marketing headcount

     1,295      (5 )%      1,369      17     1,166   

Our sales and marketing expenses primarily include salaries and benefits, sales commissions, advertising and marketing programs, travel and facility costs. Our compensation, benefits and travel expenses were lower by an aggregate of $7.1 million in 2009 compared to 2008, primarily due to commissions, which were lower by $10.0 million as a result of lower revenue. In addition, expenses were lower by $2.6 million primarily as a result of our decision to cancel the 2009 annual sales incentive meeting. Our compensation, benefits and travel costs were higher by an aggregate of $16.0 million in 2008 compared to 2007 (including an increase of $3.2 million related to stock-based compensation). Sales and marketing costs were higher in 2008 due to planned increases, including by acquisition, in headcount and higher commissions to support increased license and service revenue.

Research and Development

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Research and development expenses

   $ 188.5      4   $ 182.0      12   $ 162.4   

% of total revenue

     20       17       17

Research and development headcount

     1,936      10     1,753      13     1,547   

Our research and development expenses consist principally of salaries and benefits, costs of computer equipment and facility expenses. Major research and development activities include developing new releases of our software. Year-end headcount includes increased staffing for certain research and development initiatives due to our strategic decision to increase our investment in research and development, as well as from acquisitions. Total compensation, benefits and travel costs were higher in 2009 by $1.4 million compared to 2008 primarily due to higher salaries and benefits as a result of higher research and development headcount. These salary increases were partially offset by a decrease of $3.1 million in total cash-based incentive compensation expense as the performance criteria under our incentive plans were not achieved in full. Total salaries, benefits and travel costs were higher in 2008 compared to 2007 by an aggregate of $16.6 million (including an increase of $2.2 million related to stock-based compensation).

 

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General and Administrative

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

General and administrative expenses

   $ 80.6      (8 )%    $ 87.8      10   $ 79.8   

% of total revenue

     9       8       8

General and administrative headcount

     522      2     511      10     465   

Our general and administrative (G&A) expenses include the costs of our corporate, finance, information technology, human resources, legal and administrative functions, as well as bad debt expense. G&A expenses also include costs associated with outside professional services, including accounting and legal fees. Total compensation, benefits and travel costs were lower in 2009 compared to 2008 by an aggregate of $2.0 million including a decrease of $1.1 million in cash-based incentive compensation expense as the performance criteria under our incentive plans were not achieved in full. G&A expenses also include costs associated with outside professional services, including accounting and legal fees. These costs were $2.9 million lower in 2009 primarily because 2008 included approximately $2.8 million of costs for outside professional services incurred in connection with an Audit Committee investigation and restatement of prior period financial statements completed in the first quarter of 2008.

Total salaries, benefits and travel costs were higher in 2008 compared to 2007 by an aggregate of approximately $5.9 million. Our G&A expenses in 2008 included approximately $2.8 million of costs for outside professional services incurred primarily in connection with an Audit Committee investigation and restatement of prior period financial statements completed in the first quarter. Our G&A expenses in 2007 included costs for outside professional services incurred in connection with our corporate development initiatives, including $1.7 million related to potential acquisitions that did not close. Additionally, G&A expenses in 2007 included $1.1 million for professional fees incurred primarily in connection with the Audit Committee investigation completed in 2008 described above.

Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

   $ 15.6      —     $ 15.6      109   $ 7.5   

% of total revenue

     2       1       1

The amortization of acquired intangible assets line item on our statements of operations reflects the amortization of acquired non-product related intangible assets, primarily customer and trademark-related intangible assets, recorded in connection with completed acquisitions. The increase in 2008, compared to 2007, was primarily due to amortization of intangible assets resulting from the CoCreate acquisition completed in the first quarter of 2008.

Our acquisition of CoCreate in the first quarter of 2008 resulted in an increase in acquired intangible assets of $131.0 million. Acquired intangible assets consisted of $72.5 million of customer relationship intangibles, $55.1 million of purchased software, $2.3 million of trademarks, and $1.1 million of non-compete agreements and other, which are being amortized over estimated weighted average useful lives of 11 years, 8 years, 9 years and 1.5 years, respectively.

 

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In-process Research and Development

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

In-process research and development

   $ 0.3      (84 )%    $ 1.9      247   $ 0.5   

% of total revenue

     —         —         —  

In-process research and development costs are related to acquired research and development projects that were in process at the respective acquisition date and for which technological feasibility had not yet been established and for which there was no alternative future use. The value of the purchased in-process research and development was determined using the residual income approach, which discounts expected future cash flows from projects under development to their net present value.

The in-process research and development charge in 2009 was from our Relex acquisition; in 2008 was from our CoCreate and DHI acquisitions; and in 2007 was from our NC Graphics acquisition.

Restructuring and Other Charges

 

     2009     Percent
Change
    2008     Percent
Change
    2007  
     (Dollar amounts in millions)  

Restructuring and other charges

   $ 22.7      13   $ 20.1      31   $ 15.3   

% of total revenue

     2       2       2

Restructuring charges in the periods reported were primarily associated with reductions in workforce and excess facility obligations to reduce our cost structure and to improve profitability. Given the challenging macroeconomic environment and lower revenue, we implemented workforce reductions and facility consolidations beginning in the second quarter of 2009. As a result, in 2009 we recorded restructuring charges of $22.7 million. The restructuring charges included $21.9 million for severance and related costs associated with 382 employees notified of termination during 2009 and $0.8 million of charges related to excess facilities.

The 2008 charge included $10.7 million for severance and related costs associated with 185 employees notified of termination during 2008 as a result of our initiative to globalize certain functions to be in closer proximity to the operations they support and/or to lower cost regions. The 2008 charge also included $7.9 million of costs related to excess facilities. In 2008, we also recorded $1.5 million for costs incurred in connection with our integration of CoCreate.

We recorded a restructuring charge of $15.3 million in 2007. The restructuring charge included a $13.2 million charge for severance and related costs associated with 262 employees notified of termination in 2007 and $2.1 million related to excess facilities. The charges for excess facilities were primarily related to gross lease commitments in excess of estimated sublease income for excess facilities.

In 2009, 2008 and 2007, we made cash payments related to restructuring and other charges (including payments relating to restructuring and other charges recorded prior to 2007) of $24.7 million, $25.1 million and $14.7 million, respectively. Amounts not yet paid at September 30, 2009 relating to restructuring and other charges taken during the current and all prior periods are $15.8 million and primarily relate to severance. Of the total amount accrued at September 30, 2009, we expect to make cash disbursements within the next twelve months of approximately $15 million for restructuring charges incurred in 2009 and prior periods.

 

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Non-Operating Income (Expense)

 

     2009     2008     2007  
     (in millions)  

Interest income

   $ 4.6      $ 10.1      $ 9.9   

Interest expense

     (3.2     (7.8     (0.6

Other expense, net

     (3.5     (8.6     (2.4

Interest Income

Interest income represents earnings on the investment of our available cash balances. Interest income decreased in 2009 as a result of lower interest rates and lower cash balances. Interest income in 2008 reflects a modest increase in average cash balances over 2007.

Interest Expense

Interest expense is primarily related to interest on borrowings under our revolving credit facility. In 2008, we borrowed $220 million under the credit facility in connection with our acquisition of CoCreate. The average interest rate was 3.2% in 2009 compared to 5.5% in 2008. As of September 30, 2009, of the original amount borrowed we had an outstanding balance of $57.9 million. Prior to 2008, we did not have any outstanding borrowings under this credit facility.

Other Expense, Net

Other expense, net includes costs of hedging contracts, certain realized and unrealized foreign currency transaction gains or losses, and foreign exchange gains or losses resulting from the required period-end currency remeasurement of the assets and liabilities of our subsidiaries that use the U.S. dollar as their functional currency. Because a large portion of our revenue and expenses is transacted in foreign currencies, we engage in hedging transactions involving the use of foreign currency forward contracts, primarily in Western European and Asian currencies, to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The increase in other expense, net in 2008 was due primarily to a $6.2 million non-cash loss described below and higher foreign exchange losses, partially offset by a one-time benefit of $1.3 million related to a legal settlement.

In the third quarter of 2008, we liquidated eight wholly-owned subsidiaries resulting in a $6.2 million non-cash loss. The non-cash loss resulted from the reclassification of the net cumulative translation adjustment from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings for these liquidated subsidiaries. The loss related to these subsidiaries was recorded in other expense, net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. The consolidated statement of comprehensive income for 2008 reflects an offsetting gain of $6.2 million resulting from the reclassification.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate has fluctuated significantly in each of the past three years due primarily to the impact of discrete events, such as the release of a substantial portion of a U.S. valuation allowance and the settlements of tax audits, which created one-time income tax benefits. In 2009, our effective tax rate was a benefit of 84% on pre-tax income of $17.2 million compared to a provision of 33% in 2008 on pre-tax income of $118.9 million and a benefit of 44% in 2007 on pre-tax income of $99.7 million.

In 2009, our effective tax rate differed from the 35% statutory federal income tax rate due primarily to:

 

   

a $7.6 million one-time benefit recorded in the second quarter of 2009 in connection with litigation in a foreign jurisdiction;

 

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foreign taxes at a net effective tax rate lower than the U.S. rate, net of a $6 million provision related to a research and development (R&D) cost sharing pre-payment by a foreign subsidiary;

 

   

a $2.2 million tax benefit related to settlement of a foreign tax audit in the fourth quarter of 2009; and

 

   

a $1.2 million tax benefit related to R&D tax credits triggered by a retroactive extension of the tax credit enacted during the first quarter of 2009.

In 2008, our effective tax rate of 33% was lower than the 35% statutory federal income tax rate due primarily to the benefit of foreign taxes paid at a net effective tax rate lower than that in the U.S. The net tax benefit recorded in 2007 was principally due to a tax benefit of $58.9 million recorded upon our decision in the third quarter of 2007 to release a substantial portion of the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets in the U.S. and a foreign jurisdiction as well as a net tax benefit of $3.9 million recorded in the third quarter of 2007 from the favorable outcome of a tax refund claim in the U.S.

Excluding the effect of these discrete items, our income tax (benefit) provision in 2009, 2008 and 2007 consisted primarily of taxes owed in relation to the income generated in the U.S. (in 2008 and 2007) and by our foreign subsidiaries as well as withholding taxes that we incurred in the U.S. in connection with certain foreign operations. In 2009, we were able to fully benefit withholding taxes incurred in the U.S.

As of September 30, 2009, we have a remaining valuation allowance of $23.2 million against net deferred tax assets in the U.S. and a remaining valuation allowance of $23.1 million against net deferred tax assets in certain foreign jurisdictions. The valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets in the U.S. consists of $17.8 million for foreign tax credits, $2.6 million for research and development credits and $2.7 million for capital losses that we have determined are not likely to be realized; and $0.1 million for certain state net operating loss carryforwards that will likely expire without being utilized. The valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets of certain foreign jurisdictions is established primarily for our net operating loss carryforwards that will likely expire without being used.

At September 30, 2009, we have a net deferred tax asset balance of $123.5 million primarily relating to our U.S. operations. We have concluded, based on the weight of available evidence, that our net deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized in the future. In arriving at this conclusion, we evaluated all available evidence, including our pre-tax results for the last three years (adjusted for permanent differences), the circumstances of a pre-tax loss generated in the U.S. in the most recent fiscal year and our forecast of future taxable income. We reassess our valuation allowance requirements each financial reporting period. If our results in 2010 do not improve in our U.S. operations, our assessment may indicate that a valuation allowance is required.

In the normal course of business, PTC and its subsidiaries are examined by various taxing authorities, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. We regularly assess the likelihood of additional assessments by tax authorities and provide for these matters as appropriate. We are currently under audit by tax authorities in several foreign jurisdictions. Audits by tax authorities typically involve examination of the deductibility of certain permanent items, limitations on net operating losses and tax credits. Although we believe our tax estimates are appropriate, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could result in material changes in our estimates. In 2009, we closed the IRS examination of PTC’s U.S. federal tax years 2005 through 2007. The completion of the examination resulted in a decrease of $9.4 million to the tax reserve and a net tax benefit of $0.3 million. We also settled a foreign tax audit in the fourth quarter of 2009 resulting in a tax benefit of $2.2 million. In 2007, we recorded a net tax benefit of $3.9 million from the favorable outcome of a tax refund claim in the U.S.

Our future effective tax rate may be materially impacted by the amount of income taxes associated with our foreign earnings, which are taxed at rates different from the U.S. federal statutory rate, as well as the timing and extent of the realization of deferred tax assets and changes in the tax law. Further, our tax rate may fluctuate

 

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within a fiscal year, including from quarter to quarter, due to items arising from discrete events, including settlements of tax audits and assessments, the resolution or identification of tax position uncertainties, and acquisitions of other companies.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We have prepared our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In preparing our financial statements, we make estimates, assumptions and judgments that can have a significant impact on our reported revenues, results of operations, and net income, as well as on the value of certain assets and liabilities on our balance sheet. These estimates, assumptions and judgments are necessary because future events and their effects on our results and the value of our assets cannot be determined with certainty, and are made based on our historical experience and on other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur or additional information is obtained, and we may periodically be faced with uncertainties, the outcomes of which are not within our control and may not be known for a prolonged period of time.

The accounting policies, methods and estimates used to prepare our financial statements are described generally in Note B of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements”. The most important critical accounting judgments and estimates that we made in preparing the financial statements involved:

 

   

revenue recognition;

 

   

accounting for income taxes;

 

   

valuation of assets and liabilities of business combinations;

 

   

valuation of goodwill;

 

   

accounting for pensions;

 

   

allowance for accounts and other receivables; and

 

   

restructuring charges.

A critical accounting policy is one that is both material to the presentation of our financial statements and requires us to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Critical accounting policies require us to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate, and different estimates that we could have used, or changes in the estimates that are reasonably likely to occur, may have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. Because the use of estimates is inherent in the financial reporting process, actual results could differ from those estimates.

Accounting policies, guidelines and interpretations related to our critical accounting policies and estimates are generally subject to numerous sources of authoritative guidance and are often reexamined by accounting standards rule makers and regulators. These rule makers and/or regulators may promulgate interpretations, guidance or regulations that may result in changes to our accounting policies, which could have a material impact on our financial position and results of operations.

Revenue Recognition

We exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with determining the amounts of software license and services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

Our primary judgments involve the following:

 

   

determining whether collection is probable;

 

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assessing whether the fee is fixed or determinable;

 

   

determining whether service arrangements, including modifications and customization of the underlying software, are not essential to the functionality of the licensed software and thus would result in the revenue for license and service elements of an agreement being recorded separately; and

 

   

determining the fair value of services and maintenance elements included in multiple-element arrangements, which is the basis for allocating and deferring revenue for such services and maintenance.

We derive revenues from three primary sources: (1) software licenses, (2) maintenance services and (3) consulting and training services. Revenue by type for 2009, 2008 and 2007 was as follows:

 

     Year ended September 30,
     2009    2008    2007
     (in thousands)

License revenue

   $ 212,710    $ 332,380    $ 317,301

Maintenance services revenue

     499,117      501,066      411,522

Consulting and training services revenue

     226,358      236,884      212,456
                    

Total revenue

   $ 938,185    $ 1,070,330    $ 941,279
                    

For software license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying software, we recognize revenue when: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (2) delivery has occurred (generally, FOB shipping point or electronic distribution), (3) the fee is fixed or determinable, and (4) collection is probable. Substantially all of our license revenues are recognized in this manner.

Our software is distributed primarily through our direct sales force. In addition, we have an indirect distribution channel through alliances with resellers and, for our Mathcad products, with distributors. Approximately 25% of our total revenue in 2009 was generated from our indirect distribution channel. Revenue arrangements with resellers are recognized on a sell-through basis; that is, when we deliver the product to the end-user customer. We do not offer contractual rights of return, stock balancing, or price protection to our resellers, and actual product returns from them have been insignificant to date. As a result, we do not maintain reserves for reseller product returns and related allowances. In contrast, revenue arrangements with distributors of our Mathcad products have a contractual right to exchange product and are recognized on a sell-in basis; that is, when we ship the products to the distributor. As of September 30, 2009, 2008 and 2007, the value of Mathcad product inventory held by distributors and the accrual that we have recorded for estimated product returns were not material.

At the time of each sale transaction, we must make an assessment of the collectibility of the amount due from the customer. Revenue is only recognized at that time if management deems that collection is probable. In making this assessment, we consider customer credit-worthiness and historical payment experience. At that same time, we assess whether fees are fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or significant uncertainties. If the fee is not fixed or determinable, revenue is recognized only as payments become due from the customer, provided that all other revenue recognition criteria are met. In assessing whether the fee is fixed or determinable, we consider the payment terms of the transaction, including transactions with payment terms that extend beyond our customary payment terms, and our collection experience in similar transactions without making concessions, among other factors. Our software license arrangements generally do not include customer acceptance provisions. However, if an arrangement includes an acceptance provision, we record revenue only upon the earlier of (1) receipt of written acceptance from the customer or (2) expiration of the acceptance period.

Our software arrangements often include implementation and consulting services that are sold under consulting engagement contracts or as part of the software license arrangement. When we determine that such services are not essential to the functionality of the licensed software, we record revenue separately for the

 

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license and service elements of these arrangements, provided that appropriate evidence of fair value exists for the undelivered services (see discussion below). Generally, we consider that a service is not essential to the functionality of the software based on various factors, including if the services may be provided by independent third parties experienced in providing such consulting and implementation in coordination with dedicated customer personnel and whether the services result in any modification or customization of the software functionality. If an arrangement does not qualify for separate accounting of the license and service elements, then license revenue is recognized together with the consulting services using either the percentage-of-completion or completed-contract method of contract accounting. Contract accounting for both license and service elements is also applied to any software arrangements that include customer-specific acceptance criteria or where the license payment is tied to the performance of consulting services. Under the percentage-of-completion method, we estimate the stage of completion of contracts with fixed or “not to exceed” fees based on hours or costs incurred to date as compared with estimated total project hours or costs at completion. If we do not have a sufficient basis to measure progress towards completion, revenue is recognized upon completion of the contract. When total cost estimates exceed revenues, we accrue for the estimated losses when identified. The use of the percentage-of-completion method of accounting requires significant judgment relative to estimating total contract hours or costs, including assumptions relative to the length of time to complete the project, the nature and complexity of the work to be performed and anticipated changes in salaries and other costs. When adjustments in estimated contract hours or costs are determined, such revisions may have the effect of adjusting, in the current period, the earnings applicable to performance in prior periods.

We generally use the residual method to recognize revenue from software arrangements that include one or more elements to be delivered at a future date, when evidence of the fair value of all undelivered elements exists. Under the residual method, the fair value of the undelivered elements (i.e., maintenance, consulting and training services) based on vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) is deferred and the remaining portion of the total arrangement fee is allocated to the delivered elements (i.e., software license). If evidence of the fair value of one or more of the undelivered services does not exist, all revenues are deferred and recognized when delivery of all of those services has occurred or when fair values can be established. We determine VSOE of the fair value of services revenue based upon our recent pricing for those services when sold separately. For certain transactions, VSOE of the fair value of maintenance services is determined based on a substantive maintenance renewal clause within a customer contract. Our current pricing practices are influenced primarily by product type, purchase volume and customer location. We review services sold separately on a periodic basis and update, when appropriate, our VSOE of fair value for such services to ensure that it reflects our recent pricing experience. Any increase in our VSOE assumptions of the fair value of maintenance services or consulting and training services would decrease the amount allocated to license revenue.

Accounting for Income Taxes

As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, we are required to calculate our income tax expense based on taxable income by jurisdiction. There are many transactions and calculations about which the ultimate tax outcome is uncertain; as a result, our calculations involve estimates by management. Some of these uncertainties arise as a consequence of revenue-sharing, cost-reimbursement and transfer pricing arrangements among related entities and the differing tax treatment of revenue and cost items across various jurisdictions. If we were compelled to revise or to account differently for our arrangements, that revision could affect our tax liability.

The income tax accounting process also involves estimating our actual current tax liability, together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included within our consolidated balance sheets. We must then assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and, to the extent we believe that it is more likely than not that all or a portion of our deferred tax assets will not be realized, we must establish a valuation allowance as a charge to income tax expense.

 

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As of September 30, 2009, we have a remaining valuation allowance of $46.3 million against net deferred tax assets. The valuation allowance includes $23.2 million recorded against net deferred tax assets in the U.S., consisting primarily of foreign tax credits. The valuation allowance also includes $23.1 million recorded against net deferred tax assets in certain foreign jurisdictions consisting primarily of net operating loss carryforwards that will likely expire without being utilized.

At September 30, 2009, we have a net deferred tax asset balance of $123.5 million primarily relating to our U.S. operations. We have concluded, based on the weight of available evidence, that our net deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized in the future. In arriving at this conclusion, we evaluated all available evidence, including our pre-tax results for the last three years (adjusted for permanent differences), the circumstances of a pre-tax loss generated in the U.S. in the most recent fiscal year and our forecast of future taxable income. We reassess our valuation allowance requirements each financial reporting period. If our results in 2010 do not improve in our U.S. operations, our assessment may indicate that a valuation allowance is required.

In the normal course of business, PTC and its subsidiaries are examined by various taxing authorities, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. We regularly assess the likelihood of additional assessments by tax authorities and provide for these matters as appropriate. We are currently under audit by tax authorities in several foreign jurisdictions. Audits by tax authorities typically involve examination of the deductibility of certain permanent items, limitations on net operating losses and tax credits. Although we believe our tax estimates are appropriate, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could result in material changes in our estimates.

Valuation of Assets and Liabilities Acquired in Business Combinations

In accordance with business combination accounting, we allocate the purchase price of acquired companies to the tangible and intangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and in-process research and development based on their estimated fair values. Determining these fair values requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to intangible assets.

Our identifiable intangible assets acquired consist of developed technology, core technology, tradenames, customer lists and contracts, software support agreements and related relationships and consulting contracts. Developed technology consists of products that have reached technological feasibility. Core technology represents a combination of processes, inventions and trade secrets related to the design and development of acquired products. Customer lists and contracts and software support agreements and related relationships represent the underlying relationships and agreements with customers of the acquired company’s installed base. We have generally valued intangible assets using a discounted cash flow model. Critical estimates in valuing certain of the intangible assets include but are not limited to:

 

   

future expected cash flows from software license sales, maintenance and customer support agreements, consulting contracts, customer contracts and related customer relationships and acquired developed technologies and trademarks and trade names;

 

   

expected costs to develop the in-process research and development into commercially viable products and estimating cash flows from the projects when completed;

 

   

the acquired company’s brand awareness and market position, as well as assumptions about the period of time the acquired brand will continue to be used by the combined company; and

 

   

discount rates used to determine the present value of estimated future cash flows.

In addition, we estimate the useful lives of our intangible assets based upon the expected period over which we anticipate generating economic benefits from the related intangible asset.

 

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Net tangible assets consist of the fair values of tangible assets less the fair values of assumed liabilities and obligations. Except for deferred revenues and restructuring reserves, net tangible assets were generally valued by us at the respective carrying amounts recorded by the acquired company, as we believed that their carrying values approximated their fair values at the acquisition date.

The values assigned to deferred revenue reflect an amount equivalent to the estimated cost plus an appropriate profit margin to perform the services related to the acquired company’s software support contracts. Restructuring reserves include the severance costs related to terminating the employment of employees of the acquired company, planned closure of certain facilities and other costs associated with exiting activities of the acquired company.

Our estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable at that time, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Assumptions may be incomplete or inaccurate, and unanticipated events and circumstances may occur, which may affect the accuracy or validity of such assumptions, estimates or actual results.

Valuation of Goodwill

Our goodwill totaled $428.3 million and $405.2 million as of September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

We assess the impairment of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets on at least an annual basis and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable. Factors we consider important (on an overall company basis and reportable segment basis, as applicable) that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in our use of the acquired assets or a significant change in the strategy for our business, significant negative industry or economic trends, a significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period, or a reduction of our market capitalization relative to net book value.

The goodwill impairment test prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires us to identify reporting units and to determine estimates of the fair values of our reporting units as of the date we test for impairment. To conduct these tests of goodwill, the fair value of the reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. If the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeded its fair value, we would record an impairment loss equal to the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and its implied fair value. We estimate the fair values of our reporting units using discounted cash flow valuation models. Those models require estimates of future revenues, profits, capital expenditures, working capital and discount rates for each reporting unit. We estimate these amounts by evaluating historical trends, current budgets, operating plans and industry data. We conduct our annual impairment test of goodwill and indefinite lived assets as of the end of the third quarter of each fiscal year. We completed our annual impairment review as of July 4, 2009 and concluded that no impairment charge was required as of that date. Revenue and operating margin projections are significant assumptions in our analysis. Adjusting those assumptions by 10% would not have had an impact on the results of our impairment analysis.

For long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets other than goodwill, we reassess the recoverability of the asset based on projected undiscounted future cash flows over the asset’s remaining life if an event occurs or circumstances change that would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of the reportable segment below its carrying value. When the carrying value of the asset exceeds its undiscounted cash flows, we record an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the asset, determined using projected discounted future cash flows of the asset. Determining the fair value of our reporting units for the purpose of testing the potential impairment of individual assets and goodwill requires significant judgment by management. Different judgments could yield different results.

 

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Accounting for Pensions

In the U.S., we sponsor a frozen pension plan covering mostly inactive participants. We make several assumptions that are used in calculating the expense and liability of this plan. These key assumptions include the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets and the discount rate. In selecting the expected long-term rate of return on assets, we consider the average future rate of earnings expected on the funds invested or to be invested to provide for the benefits under the pension plan. This includes considering the plan’s asset allocations and the expected returns likely to be earned over the life of this plan. The discount rate reflects the estimated rate at which an amount that is invested in a portfolio of high-quality debt instruments would provide the future cash flows necessary to pay benefits when they come due. In addition, our actuarial consultants determine the expense and liabilities of the plan using other assumptions for future experience, such as mortality rates. The actuarial assumptions used by us may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions or longer or shorter life spans of the participants. Our actual results could differ materially from those we estimated, which could require us to record a greater amount of pension expense in future years. In determining our pension cost for 2009, 2008 and 2007, we used a discount rate of 7.50%, 6.25% and 5.75%, respectively, and an expected return on plan assets of 7.50% for each year.

Certain of our foreign subsidiaries also sponsor pension plans. Accounting and reporting for these plans requires the use of country-specific assumptions for discount rates and expected rates of return on assets. We apply a consistent methodology in determining the key assumptions that, in addition to future experience assumptions such as mortality rates, are used by our actuaries to determine our liability and expense for each of these plans. In determining our pension cost for 2009, 2008 and 2007, we used weighted average discount rates of 5.7%, 5.2% and 4.7%, respectively, and weighted average expected returns on plan assets of 6.2%, 5.7% and 3.8%, respectively.

In 2009 and 2008, our actual return on plan assets was a gain of $1.8 million and a loss of $13.2 million, respectively. Distress in the financial markets has caused, among other things, extreme volatility in security prices, severely diminished liquidity and credit availability, rating downgrades of certain investments and declining valuation of others. If actual returns continue to be below our expected rate of return, it will impact the amount and timing of future contributions and expense for these plans.

The most sensitive assumptions used in calculating the expense and liability of our pension plans are the discount rate and the expected return on plan assets. A 50 basis point change to our discount rate and expected return on plan assets assumptions would have changed our pension expense for the year ended September 30, 2009 by approximately $1 million. A 50 basis point decrease in our discount rate assumptions would increase our projected benefit obligation as of September 30, 2009 by approximately $12 million.

 

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Allowance for Accounts and Other Receivables

Management judgment is required in assessing the collectibility of customer accounts and other receivables, for which we generally do not require collateral. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. In determining the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, management specifically analyzes individual accounts receivable, historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions, accounts receivable aging trends and changes in our customer payment terms. Our customer base consists of large numbers of geographically diverse customers dispersed across many industries, and no individual customer comprised more than 10% of our net accounts receivable for any period presented. The following table summarizes our accounts receivable and related reserve balances at September 30, 2009 and 2008:

 

     September 30,  
     2009     2008  
     (Dollar amounts in
thousands)
 

Gross accounts receivable

   $ 171,920      $ 206,660   

Allowances for doubtful accounts

     (5,329     (5,151
                

Net accounts receivable

   $ 166,591      $ 201,509   
                

Accounts receivable reserves as a percentage of gross accounts receivable

     3.1     2.5

If the financial condition of our customers deteriorated, additional allowances might be required, resulting in future operating expenses that are not included in the allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for bad debts as a percentage of gross accounts receivable varies depending on the level and timing of quarterly revenue as well as the timing of the resolution of specifically reserved doubtful accounts receivable, either via collection or write-off.

Restructuring Charges

We periodically record restructuring charges resulting from restructuring our operations (including consolidations and/or relocations of operations), changes to our strategic plan, or managerial responses to declines in demand, increasing costs, or other market factors. The determination of restructuring charges requires management judgment and may include costs related to employee benefits, such as costs of severance and termination benefits, and estimates of costs for future lease commitments on excess facilities, net of estimated future sublease income. In determining the amount of the facilities charge, we are required to estimate such factors as future vacancy rates, the time required to sublet properties and sublease rates. These estimates are reviewed quarterly based on known real estate market conditions and the credit-worthiness of subtenants, and may result in revisions to established facility reserves. We had $4.0 million accrued as of September 30, 2009 related to excess facilities (compared to $11.7 million at September 30, 2008), representing gross lease commitments with agreements expiring at various dates through 2013 of approximately $10.2 million, net of committed sublease income of approximately $6.1 million and a present value factor of $0.1 million.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

     September 30,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (in thousands)  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 235,122      $ 256,941      $ 263,271   
                        

Activity for the year included the following:

      

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 69,676      $ 222,240      $ 127,374   

Cash used by investing activities

     (62,877     (287,031     (55,149

Cash (used) provided by financing activities

     (32,452     62,457        (1,024

Cash provided by operating activities included the following:

      

Cash disbursements for restructuring and other charges

     (24,701     (25,080     (14,716

Cash used by investing activities included the following:

      

Cash paid to acquire businesses, net of cash acquired

     (32,790     (261,592     (27,120

Cash (used) provided by financing activities included the following:

      

Net (repayments) borrowings under revolving credit facility

     (31,951     88,139        —     

Repurchases of common stock

     (14,157     (27,297     (9,952

We invest our cash with highly rated financial institutions and in diversified domestic and international money market mutual funds. The portfolio is invested in short-term instruments to ensure cash is available to meet requirements as needed.

Cash and cash equivalents

2009 compared to 2008

The decrease in cash and cash equivalents in 2009 compared to 2008 was due primarily to:

 

   

$32.8 million used to acquire businesses;

 

   

$32.0 million used to repay borrowings under our revolving credit facility;

 

   

$30.1 million used to purchase property and equipment; and

 

   

$14.2 million used to repurchase common stock.

These uses of cash were partially offset by $69.7 million of cash provided by operations.

2008 compared to 2007

The decrease in cash and cash equivalents in 2008 compared to 2007 was due primarily to:

 

   

$261.6 million used to acquire businesses;

 

   

$27.3 million used to repurchase common stock; and

 

   

$25.4 million used to purchase property and equipment.

These uses of cash were partially offset by:

 

   

$222.2 million of cash provided by operations; and

 

   

$88.1 million of net borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

 

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Cash provided by operating activities

2009 compared to 2008

The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to:

 

   

lower profitability (income before income taxes decreased $101.7 million to $17.2 million in 2009 from $118.9 million in 2008);

 

   

income tax payments that were $22.3 million higher in 2009 compared to 2008; and

 

   

lower deferred revenue amounts at the end of 2009 compared to the end of 2008.

These uses of cash were partially offset by lower receivables as of September 30, 2009 compared to September 30, 2008. (Days sales outstanding was 62 days as of the end of 2009 compared to 61 days as of the end of 2008.)

2008 compared to 2007

The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to:

 

   

higher profitability (income before income taxes increased $19.2 million to $118.9 million in 2008 from $99.7 million in 2007); and

 

   

higher receivables collections in 2008 compared to 2007 (days sales outstanding decreased to 61 days as of the end of 2008 compared to 74 days as of the end of 2007).

Days sales outstanding at the end of 2007 was adversely affected by the timing of revenue recorded and the impact of extended payment term deals we offered to customers during 2007 and 2006.

We provided extended payment terms greater than twelve months on internally financed transactions (including revenue and imputed interest) accounting for approximately $26 million in each of 2009 and 2008 and $29 million in 2007. Other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets include non-current receivables from customers related to extended payment term contracts totaling $10.5 million and $16.3 million at September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

Cash used by investing activities

 

     2009     2008     2007  
     (in thousands)  

Cash used by investing activities included the following:

      

Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired

   $ (32,790   $ (261,592   $ (27,120

Additions to property and equipment

     (30,087     (25,439     (24,057

Acquisition of remaining equity interest in a controlled subsidiary

     —          —          (3,972
                        
   $ (62,877   $ (287,031   $ (55,149
                        

We have completed acquisitions of businesses in each of 2009, 2008 and 2007. In 2008, we paid, net of cash acquired, $247.5 million for CoCreate. Our expenditures for property and equipment consist primarily of computer equipment, software, office equipment and facility improvements.

 

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Cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

     2009     2008     2007  
     (in thousands)  

Cash (used) provided by financing activities included the following:

      

Net (repayments) borrowings under revolving credit facility

   $ (31,951   $ 88,139      $ —     

Repurchases of common stock

     (14,157     (27,297     (9,952

Payments of withholding taxes in connection with vesting of stock-based awards

     (4,389     (10,724     (6,533

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     5,136        12,701        15,649   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

     13,094        —          —     

Other

     (185     (362     (188
                        
   $ (32,452   $ 62,457      $ (1,024
                        

Share Repurchase Authorization

Our Board of Directors has authorized us to use up to $100 million of cash from operations to repurchase shares of our common stock in open market purchases. This authorization will expire on May 31, 2010 unless earlier revoked. In 2009, we repurchased 1.2 million shares at a cost of $14.2 million leaving $80.6 million remaining under our current authorization. In 2008, we repurchased 1.7 million shares at a cost of $27.3 million, including 1.4 million shares at a cost of $22.0 million under a prior authorization. In 2007, we repurchased 0.6 million shares at a cost of $10.0 million. All shares of our common stock repurchased are automatically restored to the status of authorized and unissued. Future repurchases of shares will reduce our cash balances.

Credit Facility

We have a revolving credit facility with a bank syndicate, under which we may borrow funds up to $230 million, repay the same in whole or in part and re-borrow at any time through February 20, 2011 when all amounts outstanding will be due and payable in full. Although we have the contractual right to borrow these funds under the credit facility, conditions in the credit markets may preclude our ability to draw those funds if we were to seek to do so.

On November 28, 2007, in connection with our acquisition of CoCreate, we borrowed $220 million under the credit facility in two tranches: $36 million that accrued interest at the Eurodollar-based borrowing rate, and an alternate currency loan of 124.6 million Euros, equivalent to $184 million at the borrowing date. The $36 million loan was repaid in full in 2008. In addition, to date we have repaid 85.0 million Euros of the alternate currency loan, including 23.3 million Euros in 2009. As of September 30, 2009, we had 39.6 million Euros outstanding under the revolving credit facility, which was equivalent to $57.9 million on that date. The current loan accrues interest at 1.8% per year and matures on February 26, 2010. Upon the due date, and subsequent due dates, we may either repay the amount outstanding or roll over the amount outstanding with new short term loans at the then current interest rates under the credit facility.

For a description of the terms and conditions of the credit facility, including limitations on our ability to undertake certain actions, see “Note H. Commitments and Contingencies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-K.

Expectations for Fiscal 2010

We believe that existing cash and cash equivalents together with cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our working capital and capital expenditure requirements through at least the next twelve months.

 

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During 2010, we expect to use cash to repurchase our shares and to repay the remaining amount outstanding under our revolving credit facility. Capital expenditures are currently anticipated to be approximately $25 million. In addition, we expect to make cash disbursements estimated at $15 million for restructuring charges incurred in 2009 and prior periods.

We have evaluated, and expect to continue to evaluate, possible strategic transactions on an ongoing basis and at any given time may be engaged in discussions or negotiations with respect to possible strategic transactions.

Our expected uses of cash could change, our cash position could be reduced and we may incur additional debt obligations to the extent we complete any significant acquisitions and/or pay any amounts, settlements or judgments related to significant legal matters.

Contractual Obligations

We lease office facilities and certain equipment under operating leases that expire at various dates through 2020, including an operating lease agreement related to our headquarters office in Needham, Massachusetts entered into in 2000, which expires in November 2012, subject to certain renewal rights. These leases qualify for operating lease accounting treatment and, as such, are not included on our balance sheet. At September 30, 2009, our contractual obligations, including future minimum lease payments, net of sublease income, under noncancellable operating leases, are as follows:

 

     Payments due by period

Contractual Obligations

   Total    Less than
1 year
   1-3 years    3-5 years    More than
5 years
     (in millions)

Operating leases(1)

   $ 110.4    $ 36.9    $ 50.7    $ 11.1    $ 11.7

Purchase obligations(2)

     26.0      17.3      7.0      1.4      0.3

Pension liabilities(3)

     48.4      3.6      17.6      19.1      8.1

Unrecognized tax benefits(4)

     16.9      —        —        —        —  
                                  

Total

   $ 201.7    $ 57.8    $ 75.3    $ 31.6    $ 20.1
                                  

 

(1) The future minimum lease payments above include minimum future lease payments for excess facilities, net of expected sublease income under existing sublease arrangements. See Note H of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.”
(2) Purchase obligations represent minimum commitments due to third parties, including royalty contracts, research and development contracts, telecommunication contracts, information technology maintenance contracts in support of internal-use software and hardware and other marketing and consulting contracts. Contracts for which our commitment is variable based on volumes, with no fixed minimum quantities, and contracts that can be cancelled without payment penalties have been excluded. The purchase obligations included above are in addition to amounts included in current liabilities recorded on our September 30, 2009 consolidated balance sheet.
(3) These obligations relate to our U.S. and international pension plans. These liabilities are not subject to fixed payment terms. Payments have been estimated based on the plans’ current funded status and actuarial assumptions. In addition, we may, at our discretion, make additional voluntary contributions to the plans. See Note M of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” for further discussion.
(4) As of September 30, 2009, we had recorded total unrecognized tax benefits of $16.9 million ($15.6 million net of tax benefits from other jurisdictions). This liability is not subject to fixed payment terms and the amount and timing of payments, if any, which we will make related to this liability are not known. See Note G of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” for additional information.

 

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As of September 30, 2009, we had letters of credit and bank guarantees outstanding of approximately $4.8 million (of which $1.4 million was collateralized), primarily related to the lease of our headquarters in Needham, Massachusetts.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not created, and are not party to, any special-purpose or off-balance sheet entities for the purpose of raising capital, incurring debt or operating parts of our business that are not consolidated (to the extent of our ownership interest therein) into our financial statements. We have not entered into any transactions with unconsolidated entities whereby we have subordinated retained interests, derivative instruments or other contingent arrangements that expose us to material continuing risks, contingent liabilities, or any other obligation under a variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit risk support to us.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For a description of recent accounting pronouncements, see “Note B. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

We face exposure to financial market risks, including adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates and changes in interest rates. These exposures may change over time as business practices evolve and could have a material adverse impact on our financial results.

Foreign currency exchange risk

Our earnings and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our most significant foreign currency exposures relate to Western European countries and Japan. We enter into various hedging transactions to manage this risk. We do not enter into or hold foreign currency derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Our non-U.S. revenues generally are transacted through our non-U.S. subsidiaries and typically are denominated in their local currency. In addition, our non-U.S. expenses that are incurred by our non-U.S. subsidiaries typically are denominated in their local currency. Approximately 63%, 66% and 61% of our total revenue was from sales to customers outside of North America in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Approximately 50%, 52% and 46% of our total expenses were incurred by our subsidiaries domiciled outside of North America in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Our exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations arises in part from intercompany transactions, with most intercompany transactions occurring between a U.S. dollar functional currency entity and a foreign currency denominated entity. Intercompany transactions typically are denominated in the local currency of the non-U.S. subsidiary in order to centralize foreign currency risk. Also, both PTC (the parent company) and our non-U.S. subsidiaries may transact business with our customers and vendors in a currency other than their functional currency (transaction risk). In addition, we are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations as the financial results and balances of our non-U.S. subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars (translation risk). If sales to customers outside of the United States increase, our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could increase.

Our foreign currency risk management strategy is principally designed to mitigate the future potential financial impact of changes in the U.S. dollar value of balances denominated in foreign currency, resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our foreign currency hedging program uses forward contracts to

 

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manage the foreign currency exposures that exist as part of our ongoing business operations. The contracts primarily are denominated in European currencies and Japanese Yen, and have maturities of less than three months.

Generally, we do not designate foreign currency forward contracts as hedges for accounting purposes, and changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized immediately in earnings. Because we enter into forward contracts only as an economic hedge, any gain or loss on the underlying foreign-denominated balance would be offset by the loss or gain on the forward contract. Gains and losses on forward contracts and foreign denominated receivables and payables are included in other expense, net.

As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, we had outstanding forward contracts with notional amounts equivalent to the following:

 

     September 30,

Currency Hedged

   2009    2008
     (in thousands)

Euro/U.S. Dollar

   $ 61,502    $ 61,678

British Pound/Euro

     24,035      24,966

Indian Rupee/U.S. Dollar

     19,969      19,930

Chinese Renminbi/U.S. Dollar

     4,567      12,285

Japanese Yen/U.S. Dollar

     4,843      10,073

All other

     15,008      25,768
             

Total

   $ 129,924    $ 154,700
             

Debt

As of September 30, 2009, the amount outstanding under our variable-rate revolving credit facility was 39.6 million Euros, which was equivalent to $57.9 million on that date. The current loan matures on February 26, 2010 and accrues interest at 1.8% per annum. Upon the due date, and subsequent due dates, we may either repay the amount outstanding or roll over the amount outstanding with new short term loans at the then current interest rates under the credit facility. This Euro-denominated loan is subject to foreign currency rate risk. Additionally, the entire amount is subject to interest rate risk as interest rates will be adjusted at the respective due date to the extent such amounts are not repaid. The impact would be partially mitigated by the floating rate interest earned on excess cash. If there was a hypothetical 10% change in interest rates, the annual net impact to earnings and cash flows would be approximately $0.1 million. This hypothetical change in cash flows and earnings has been calculated based on the borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2009 and the current interest rate of 1.8% per annum applied over a one-year period.

Cash and cash equivalents

As of September 30, 2009, cash equivalents were invested in highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. We invest our cash with highly rated financial institutions in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific and in diversified domestic and international money market mutual funds. At September 30, 2009, we had cash and cash equivalents of $77.2 million in the United States, $100.8 million in Europe, $25.4 million in Japan and $31.7 million in other non-U.S. countries, principally in Asia-Pacific. Given the short maturities and investment grade quality of the portfolio holdings at September 30, 2009, a hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not materially affect the fair value of our cash and cash equivalents.

Our invested cash is subject to interest rate fluctuations and, for non-U.S. operations, foreign currency risk. In a declining interest rate environment, we would experience a decrease in interest income. The opposite holds true in a rising interest rate environment. Over the past several years, the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, European Central Bank and Bank of England have changed certain benchmark interest rates, which have led to declines

 

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and increases in market interest rates. These changes in market interest rates have resulted in fluctuations in interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents. Interest income will continue to fluctuate based on changes in market interest rates and levels of cash available for investment. Our consolidated cash balances were impacted favorably by $3.8 million and $8.6 million in 2009 and 2007, respectively, and unfavorably in 2008 by $4.0 million by the strengthening and weakening, respectively, of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly the Euro and the Japanese Yen.

 

ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

The consolidated financial statements and notes to the consolidated financial statements are attached as APPENDIX A.

 

ITEM 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

 

ITEM 9A. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management maintains disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is processed, recorded, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively), as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

As required by SEC Rule 13a-15(b), we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report. Based on this evaluation, we concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of September 30, 2009.

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by our board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that:

 

   

Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;

 

   

Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and

 

   

Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

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Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009 using the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework . Based on this assessment and those criteria, our management concluded that, as of September 30, 2009, our internal control over financial reporting was effective.

The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2009 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which appears under Item 8.

Change in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2009 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. Other Information

Election of Director

On November 19, 2009, PTC’s Board of Directors elected Mr. Paul A. Lacy as a Class II Director effective as of December 1, 2009 to serve until the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Mr. Lacy, age 62, was President and Secretary of Kronos Incorporated from May 2006 through June 2008. Prior to that, Mr. Lacy served as President, Chief Financial and Administrative Officer, Treasurer and Secretary of Kronos from November 2005 through April 2006, and as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial and Administrative Officer of Kronos from April 2002 through October 2005.

It has not yet been determined whether Mr. Lacy will be appointed to any committees of the Board.

Mr. Lacy’s compensation as a director for the current year is set forth in the table below.

 

Compensation Type

   Value   

Explanation of Terms

Meeting Fee

   $2,000    Payable for each meeting of the Board of Directors and of any committee on which he serves that he attends.

Annual Cash Retainer

   $8,750(1)   

Annual Equity Retainer

   $42,217(1)    Restricted stock that vests on the earlier of the date of the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and March 15, 2010, provided he remains a director on such date.

New Director Retention Equity Grant

   $255,000    Restricted stock that vests in two substantially equal installments on each of December 1, 2010 and 2011, provided he remains a director on those dates.

 

(1) The annual cash retainer and annual equity retainer were pro-rated for the remaining portion of the current year he will serve.

 

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Consulting Agreement with a Director

On November 19, 2009, we entered into a Consulting Agreement with Professor Michael Porter, a director of PTC. Under the agreement, Professor Porter will consult with our executives on strategic matters and participate in preparing and presenting executive management seminars sponsored by us. In consideration for providing the strategic consulting services, we made a one-time grant of 12,995 shares of restricted stock to Professor Porter, 6,498 of which will vest on November 19, 2010 and 6,497 of which will vest on November 19, 2011. Professor Porter will also receive a fee of $15,000 for each executive management seminar in which he participates at our Boston-area Corporate Visitor Center and a fee of $30,000 per seminar for participation in other PTC-sponsored executive management seminars, up to an aggregate amount of $200,000 in such fees over the term of the agreement. The agreement will terminate on November 19, 2011 unless earlier terminated by either party. If we terminate the agreement without cause, vesting of all the shares will be accelerated to the termination date. If the agreement is terminated by us for cause or by Professor Porter, all unvested shares of restricted stock will be forfeited.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

The information required by this item with respect to our directors and executive officers, including the qualifications of certain members of the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors, may be found in the sections captioned “Proposal 1: Elect Three Directors,” “Our Directors,” “The Committees of the Board,” “Certain Relationships” and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” appearing in our 2010 Proxy Statement. We incorporate that information into this Item 10 by reference.

Our executive officers are:

 

Name

   Age   

Position

C. Richard Harrison

   54    Chief Executive Officer

James E. Heppelmann

   45    President and Chief Operating Officer

Barry F. Cohen

   65    Executive Vice President, Strategic Services and Partners

Paul J. Cunningham

   47    Executive Vice President, Worldwide Sales

Anthony DiBona

   54    Executive Vice President, Global Maintenance Support

Robert C. Gremley

   44    Executive Vice President, Corporate Marketing

Cornelius F. Moses

   51    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Brian A. Shepherd

   44    Executive Vice President, Product Development

Aaron C. von Staats

   43    Corporate Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Mr. Harrison has been our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since March 2009. Prior to that, Mr. Harrison served as our Chief Executive Officer and President from March 2000 to March 2009. Mr. Harrison joined PTC in 1987.

Mr. Heppelmann has been our President and Chief Operating Officer since March 2009. Prior to that, Mr. Heppelmann served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Product Officer from February 2003 to March 2009. Mr. Heppelmann joined PTC in 1998.

Mr. Cohen has been our Executive Vice President, Strategic Services and Partners since August 2002. Mr. Cohen joined PTC in 1998.

Mr. Cunningham has been our Executive Vice President, Worldwide Sales since October 2002. Mr. Cunningham joined PTC in 1988.

Mr. DiBona has been our Executive Vice President, Global Maintenance Support since April 2003. Mr. DiBona joined PTC in 1998.

Mr. Gremley has been our Executive Vice President, Corporate Marketing since March 2009. Prior to that, Mr. Gremley served as Divisional Vice President, Marketing from October 2005 to March 2009 and as Senior Vice President, Marketing from October 2004 to September 2005. Mr. Gremley joined PTC in 1989.

Mr. Moses has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since June 2003. Mr. Moses joined PTC in 2003.

Mr. Shepherd has been our Executive Vice President, Product Development since March 2009. Prior to that, Mr. Shepherd served as Divisional Vice President, Product Management from October 2005 to March 2009, as Senior Vice President, Product Management from May 2005 to September 2005, and as Senior Vice President, Technical Marketing from October 2004 to May 2005. Mr. Shepherd joined PTC in 1996.

 

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Mr. von Staats has been Corporate Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since March 2008. Prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Clerk from February 2003 to February 2008. Mr. von Staats joined PTC in 1997.

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

We have adopted a Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers that applies to our Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer, and Controller, as well as others. A copy of the Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers is publicly available on our website at www.ptc.com. If we make any substantive amendments to the Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers or grant any waiver, including any implicit waiver, from the Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers, to our Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer or Controller, we will disclose the nature of such amendment or waiver in a current report on Form 8-K.

 

ITEM 11. Executive Compensation

Information with respect to director and executive compensation may be found under the headings captioned “Director Compensation,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” and “Executive Compensation” appearing in our 2010 Proxy Statement. Such information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

Information required by this item with respect to security ownership and our equity compensation plans may be found under the headings captioned “Information About PTC Common Stock Ownership” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in our 2010 Proxy Statement. Such information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

Information with respect to this item may be found under the headings “Independence,” “Review of Transactions with Related Persons” and “Transactions with Related Persons” appearing in our 2010 Proxy Statement. Such information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

Information with respect to this item may be found under the heading “Information About Our Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” appearing in our 2010 Proxy Statement. Such information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

(a) Documents Filed as Part of Form 10-K

 

1.      Financial Statements

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2009 and 2008

   F-1

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   F-2

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   F-3

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended September  30, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   F-4

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended September 30, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   F-5

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-6

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   F-39

 

2. Financial Statement Schedules

Schedules have been omitted since they are either not required, not applicable, or the information is otherwise included in the Financial Statements per Item 15.1 above.

 

3. Exhibits

The list of exhibits in the Exhibit Index is incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Exhibits

We hereby file the exhibits listed in the attached Exhibit Index.

(c) Financial Statement Schedules

None.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on the 24th day of November, 2009.

 

P ARAMETRIC T ECHNOLOGY C ORPORATION
By:   / S /    C. R ICHARD H ARRISON        
 

C. Richard Harrison

Chief Executive Officer

 

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POWER OF ATTORNEY

We, the undersigned officers and directors of Parametric Technology Corporation, hereby severally constitute Cornelius F. Moses, III and Aaron C. von Staats, Esq., and each of them singly, our true and lawful attorneys with full power to them, and each of them singly, to sign for us and in our names in the capacities indicated below any and all subsequent amendments to this report, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that each of said attorneys-in-fact may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities indicated below, on the 24th day of November, 2009.

 

Signature

  

Title

(i) Principal Executive Officer:

  

/s/    C. R ICHARD H ARRISON        

C. Richard Harrison

   Chief Executive Officer

(ii) Principal Financial and Accounting Officer:

  

/s/    C ORNELIUS F. M OSES , III        

Cornelius F. Moses, III

   Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

(iii) Board of Directors:

  

/s/    C. R ICHARD H ARRISON        

C. Richard Harrison

   Chairman of the Board of Directors

/s/    N OEL G. P OSTERNAK        

Noel G. Posternak

   Lead Independent Director

/s/    R OBERT N. G OLDMAN        

Robert N. Goldman

   Director

/s/    D ONALD K. G RIERSON        

Donald K. Grierson

   Director

/s/    J AMES E. H EPPELMANN        

James E. Heppelmann

   Director

/s/    M ICHAEL E. P ORTER        

Michael E. Porter

   Director

/ S /    R OBERT P. S CHECHTER        

Robert P. Schechter

   Director

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

      

Exhibit

    3.1(a)      Restated Articles of Organization of Parametric Technology Corporation adopted February 4, 1993 (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 30, 1996 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.1(b)      Articles of Amendment to Restated Articles of Organization adopted February 9, 1996 (filed as Exhibit 4.1(b) to our Registration Statement on Form S-8 (Registration No. 333-01297) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.1(c)      Articles of Amendment to Restated Articles of Organization adopted February 13, 1997 (filed as Exhibit 4.1(b) to our Registration Statement on Form S-8 (Registration No. 333-22169) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.1(d)      Articles of Amendment to Restated Articles of Organization adopted February 10, 2000 (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2000 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.1(e)      Certificate of Vote of Directors establishing Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock (filed as Exhibit 3.1(e) to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2000 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.1(f)      Articles of Amendment to Restated Articles of Organization adopted February 28, 2006 (filed as Exhibit 3.1(f) to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2006 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
    3.2      By-Laws, as amended and restated, of Parametric Technology Corporation (filed as Exhibit 3.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 4, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
    4.1      Rights Agreement effective as of January 5, 2001 between Parametric Technology Corporation and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2000 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.1*      Parametric Technology Corporation 2000 Equity Incentive Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.3 to our Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 10, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.2*      Form of Restricted Stock Agreement (Non-Employee Director) (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 4, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.3*      Form of Restricted Stock Agreement (Employee) (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.4*      Form of Restricted Stock Unit Certificate (U.S.) (filed as Exhibit 10.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.5      Form of Restricted Stock Unit Certificate (Non-U.S.) (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.6*      Form of Incentive Stock Option Certificate (filed as Exhibit 10.5 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).

 

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Exhibit

Number

      

Exhibit

  10.1.7*      Form of Nonstatutory Stock Option Certificate (filed as Exhibit 10.6 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.1.8*      Form of Stock Appreciation Right Certificate (filed as Exhibit 10.7 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 2, 2005 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.2*      Parametric Technology Corporation 1997 Incentive Stock Option Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 3, 2004 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.3*      Amendment to Parametric Technology Corporation 1997 Incentive Stock Option Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2001 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.4      Parametric Technology Corporation 1997 Nonstatutory Stock Option Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 3, 2004 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.6*      Parametric Technology Corporation 1996 Directors Stock Option Plan, as amended (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 1999 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.7*      Amended and Restated Executive Agreement with C. Richard Harrison, Chief Executive Officer, dated June 26, 2008 (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 27, 2008 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.8*      Form of Amended and Restated Executive Agreement entered into with each of Mr. Moses, Mr. Cohen, Mr. Cunningham, Mr. Heppelmann, Mr. DiBona, and Mr. von Staats (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 27, 2008 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.9*      Consulting Agreement with Michael E. Porter dated November 19, 2009.
  10.10*      2009 Executive Cash Incentive Performance Plan (filed as Exhibit 10 to our Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 9, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.11*      Director compensation information (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 4, 2009 (File No. 0-18059), in Item 5.02 of our Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 18, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and in Item 9B of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.12*      Compensatory arrangements with Executive Officers.
  10.13      Lease dated December 14, 1999 by and between PTC and Boston Properties Limited Partnership (filed as Exhibit 10.21 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2000 (File No. 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.14      Amended and Restated Lease Agreement dated as of January 1, 1995 between United Trust Fund Limited Partnership and Computervision Corporation (filed as Exhibit 10.20 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Computervision Corporation for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1995 (File No. 1-7760/0-20290) and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.15      Credit Agreement dated February 21, 2006 by and among Parametric Technology Corporation, KeyBank National Association, Bank of America, N.A., Citizens Bank of Massachusetts, Sovereign Bank, Citicorp USA, Inc., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and Wachovia Bank, National Association (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2006 (File No 0-18059) and incorporated herein by reference).

 

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Exhibit

Number

      

Exhibit

  21.1      Subsidiaries of Parametric Technology Corporation.
  23.1      Consent of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm.
  31.1      Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13(a)-14(a) and
15d-14(a).
  31.2      Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13(a)-14(a) and
15d-14(a).
  32**      Certification of Periodic Financial Report Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.

 

* Identifies a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement in which an executive officer or director of PTC participates.
** Indicates that the exhibit is being furnished with this report and is not filed as a part of it.

 

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APPENDIX A

PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

     September 30,  
     2009     2008  
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 235,122      $ 256,941   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $5,329 and $5,151 at September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively

     166,591        201,509   

Prepaid expenses

     24,166        28,474   

Other current assets

     77,856        82,136   

Deferred tax assets

     42,731        28,434   
                

Total current assets

     546,466        597,494   

Property and equipment, net

     58,105        55,253   

Goodwill

     428,268        405,195   

Acquired intangible assets, net

     168,249        182,342   

Deferred tax assets

     110,193        71,175   

Other assets

     38,931        38,114   
                

Total assets

   $ 1,350,212      $ 1,349,573   
                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Revolving credit facility

   $ 57,880      $ 88,505   

Accounts payable

     13,292        16,710   

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     44,052        58,701   

Accrued compensation and benefits

     85,984        83,432   

Accrued income taxes

     9,223        24,122   

Deferred tax liabilities

     216        244   

Customer advances

     51,892        43,801   

Deferred revenue

     228,892        250,838   
                

Total current liabilities

     491,431        566,353   

Deferred tax liabilities

     29,164        30,768   

Deferred revenue

     5,378        7,457   

Other liabilities

     62,658        42,470   
                

Total liabilities

     588,631        647,048   
                

Commitments and contingencies (Note H)

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; none issued

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 500,000 shares authorized; 115,950 and 115,726 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively

     1,160        1,157   

Additional paid-in capital

     1,822,544        1,778,694   

Accumulated deficit

     (1,028,528     (1,060,050

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (33,595     (17,276
                

Total stockholders’ equity

     761,581        702,525   
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,350,212      $ 1,349,573   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Year ended September 30,  
     2009     2008     2007  

Revenue:

      

License

   $ 212,710      $ 332,380      $ 317,301   

Service

     725,475        737,950        623,978   
                        

Total revenue

     938,185        1,070,330        941,279   
                        

Costs and expenses:

      

Cost of license revenue

     29,962        30,123        17,544   

Cost of service revenue

     279,797        300,663        273,266   

Sales and marketing

     301,369        306,880        292,215   

Research and development

     188,501        182,022        162,351   

General and administrative

     80,670        87,829        79,777   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     15,620        15,579        7,467   

In-process research and development

     300        1,887        544   

Restructuring and other charges

     22,671        20,102        15,347   
                        

Total costs and expenses

     918,890        945,085        848,511   
                        

Operating income

     19,295        125,245        92,768   

Interest income

     4,557        10,056        9,868   

Interest expense

     (3,197     (7,823     (583

Other expense, net

     (3,484     (8,592     (2,393
                        

Income before income taxes

     17,171        118,886        99,660   

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

     (14,351     39,184        (43,996
                        

Net income

   $ 31,522      $ 79,702      $ 143,656   
                        

Earnings per share—Basic

   $ 0.27      $ 0.70      $ 1.27   

Earnings per share—Diluted

   $ 0.27      $ 0.68      $ 1.22   

Weighted average shares outstanding—Basic

     114,950        113,703        112,734   

Weighted average shares outstanding—Diluted

     117,359        117,870        117,494   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Year ended September 30,  
     2009     2008     2007  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 31,522      $ 79,702      $ 143,656   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Stock-based compensation

     43,328        44,396        36,445   

Depreciation and amortization

     61,610        60,021        39,199   

Provision for loss on accounts receivable

     1,604        2,397        1,916   

Benefit from deferred income taxes

     (55,414     (2,740     (70,659

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

     (13,094     —          —     

In-process research and development

     300        1,887        544   

Non-cash loss on liquidation of subsidiaries

     —          6,206        —     

Other non-cash costs (credits), net

     117        363        156   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:

      

Accounts receivable

     55,347        42,006        (2,784

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     (20,994     (14,002     (7,343

Customer advances

     —          —          232   

Accrued compensation and benefits

     2,127        762        3,787   

Deferred revenue

     (20,403     2,077        (2,387

Accrued income taxes, net of income tax receivable

     (11,906     7,318        9,987   

Other current assets and prepaid expenses

     2,389        114        (1,073

Other noncurrent assets

     (1,670     (6,864     (22,853

Other noncurrent liabilities

     (5,187     (1,403     (1,449
                        

Net cash provided by operating activities

     69,676        222,240        127,374   
                        

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Additions to property and equipment

     (30,087     (25,439     (24,057

Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired

     (32,790     (261,592     (27,120

Acquisition of remaining equity interest in a controlled subsidiary

     —          —          (3,972
                        

Net cash used by investing activities

     (62,877     (287,031     (55,149
                        

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Borrowings under revolving credit facility

     —          220,000        —     

Repayment of borrowings under revolving credit facility

     (31,951     (131,861     —     

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     5,136        12,701        15,649   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

     13,094        169       308   

Payments of withholding taxes in connection with vesting of stock-based awards

     (4,389     (10,724     (6,533

Repurchases of common stock

     (14,157     (27,297     (9,952

Payments of capital lease obligations

     (185     (531     (496
                        

Net cash (used) provided by financing activities

     (32,452     62,457        (1,024
                        

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     3,834        (3,996     8,622   
                        

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (21,819     (6,330     79,823   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     256,941        263,271        183,448   
                        

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 235,122      $ 256,941      $ 263,271   
                        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands)

 

    Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
    Shares     Amount          

Balance as of October 1, 2006

  111,880        1,119        1,723,570        (1,276,221     (42,596     405,872   

Common stock issued for employee stock-based awards

  3,725        37        15,612        —          —          15,649   

Shares surrendered by employees to pay taxes related to restricted stock units

  (344     (3     (6,530     —          —          (6,533

Compensation expense from stock-based awards

  —          —          36,445        —          —          36,445   

Tax benefit realized from stock-based awards

  —          —          308        —          —          308   

Net income

  —          —          —          143,656        —          143,656   

Repurchases of common stock

  (557     (6     (9,946     —          —          (9,952

Foreign currency translation adjustment

  —          —          —          —          5,997        5,997   

Change in unrealized gain on investments

  —          —          —          —          (680     (680

Change in pension benefits, net of tax

  —          —          —          —          3,745        3,745   
                                             

Balance as of September 30, 2007

  114,704        1,147        1,759,459        (1,132,565     (33,534     594,507   

Common stock issued for employee stock-based awards

  3,290        33        12,668        —          —          12,701   

Shares surrendered by employees to pay taxes related to restricted stock units

  (604     (6     (10,718     —          —          (10,724

Compensation expense from stock-based awards

  —          —          44,396        —          —          44,396   

Tax benefit realized from stock-based awards

  —          —          169        —          —          169   

Net income

  —          —          —          79,702        —          79,702   

Repurchases of common stock

  (1,664     (17     (27,280     —          —          (27,297

FIN 48 beginning retained earnings adjustment

  —          —          —          (7,187     —          (7,187

Foreign currency translation adjustment

  —          —          —          —          (1,389     (1,389

Change in pension benefits, net of tax

  —          —          —          —          17,647        17,647   
                                             

Balance as of September 30, 2008

  115,726      $ 1,157      $ 1,778,694      $ (1,060,050   $ (17,276   $ 702,525   

Common stock issued for employee stock-based awards

  1,870        19        5,117        —          —          5,136   

Shares surrendered by employees to pay taxes related to restricted stock units

  (422     (4     (4,385     —          —          (4,389

Compensation expense from stock-based awards

  —          —          43,328        —          —          43,328   

Tax benefit realized from stock-based awards

  —          —          13,935        —          —          13,935   

Net income

  —          —          —          31,522        —          31,522   

Repurchases of common stock

  (1,224     (12     (14,145     —          —          (14,157

Foreign currency translation adjustment

  —          —          —          —          2,913        2,913   

Change in pension benefits, net of tax

  —          —          —          —          (19,232     (19,232
                                             

Balance as of September 30, 2009

  115,950      $ 1,160      $ 1,822,544      $ (1,028,528   $ (33,595   $ 761,581   
                                             

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in thousands)

 

     Year ended September 30,  
     2009     2008     2007  

Comprehensive income:

      

Net income

   $ 31,522      $ 79,702      $ 143,656   
                        

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

      

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $0 for all periods

     2,913        (1,389     5,997   

Change in unrealized gain on investment securities, net of tax of $0 for all periods

     —          —          (680

Change in pension benefits, net of tax of $10,178 for 2009, ($699) for 2008 and ($1,947) for 2007

     (19,232     17,647        3,745   
                        

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (16,319     16,258        9,062   
                        

Comprehensive income

   $ 15,203      $ 95,960      $ 152,718   
                        

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

A. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Business

Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC) was incorporated in 1985 and is headquartered in Needham, Massachusetts. PTC develops, markets and supports product development software solutions and related services that help companies improve their processes for developing physical and information products. Our solutions, which include a suite of mechanical computer-aided design and document authoring tools and a range of internet-based collaboration, content and process management, and publishing technologies, enable companies to create digital product content as represented by product designs and component-based documents, collaborate globally on the development of content with cross-functional teams consisting of members within an organization and from the extended enterprise, control content and automate processes over the course of a product’s lifecycle, configure content to match products and services, and communicate relevant product information across the extended enterprise and to customers through multiple channels using dynamic publications. Our software solutions are complemented by our services and technical support organizations, as well as third-party resellers and other strategic partners, who provide training, consulting, ancillary product offerings, implementation and support to customers worldwide.

Basis of Presentation

Our fiscal year-end is September 30. The consolidated financial statements include Parametric Technology Corporation, the parent company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries, including those operating outside the U.S. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.

We prepare our financial statements under generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. that require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and the related disclosures. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

In the first quarter of 2009, we began classifying revenue from sales of our computer-based training products as license and maintenance revenue to better align with how these training products are sold to customers. Prior to that, computer-based training product revenue, and maintenance thereon, was classified as consulting and training service revenue and included in total service revenue. We have made certain reclassifications to the consolidated statements of operations for 2008 and 2007 to conform to the classifications for the current period. For 2008 and 2007, computer-based training revenue totaling $16.2 million and $21.2 million, respectively, has been reclassified from service revenue to license revenue, and related costs of $0.9 million and $1.5 million, respectively, have been reclassified from cost of service to cost of license in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Within service revenue, $3.5 million and $3.1 million of computer-based training revenue has been reclassified from consulting and training services revenue to maintenance revenue for 2008 and 2007, respectively. This reclassification had no impact on total revenue, operating income or net income.

In our consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended July 4, 2009 (as presented in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 4, 2009), we incorrectly classified $13.1 million of windfall tax benefits as a cash flow from operating activities rather than as a cash flow from financing activities. For the nine months ended July 4, 2009, cash provided by operating activities should have been $64.2 million and cash used by financing activities should have been $30.1 million. This error had no impact on our consolidated balance sheet or statement of operations. Because the misclassification is not material to our consolidated financial statements, the previously filed Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended

 

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July 4, 2009 will not be amended. The corrected consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended July 4, 2009 will be included as a comparable period in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending July 3, 2010.

B. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Foreign Currency Translation

For our non-U.S. operations where the functional currency is the local currency, we translate assets and liabilities at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and record translation adjustments in stockholders’ equity. For our non-U.S. operations where the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, we remeasure monetary assets and liabilities using exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and nonmonetary assets and liabilities at historical rates and record resulting exchange gains or losses in other expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations. We translate income statement amounts at average rates for the period. Transaction gains and losses are recorded in other expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations.

In the third quarter of 2008, we liquidated eight wholly-owned subsidiaries resulting in a $6.2 million non-cash loss. The non-cash loss resulted from the reclassification of the net cumulative translation adjustment from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings for these liquidated subsidiaries. The loss related to these subsidiaries was recorded in other expense, net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. The consolidated statement of comprehensive income for 2008 reflects an offsetting gain of $6.2 million resulting from the reclassification.

Revenue Recognition

We derive revenues from three primary sources: (1) software licenses, (2) maintenance services and (3) consulting and training services. Revenue by type for 2009, 2008 and 2007 was as follows:

 

     Year ended September 30,
     2009    2008    2007
     (in thousands)

License revenue

   $ 212,710    $ 332,380    $ 317,301

Maintenance services revenue

     499,117      501,066      411,522

Consulting and training services revenue

     226,358      236,884      212,456
                    

Total revenue

   $ 938,185    $ 1,070,330    $ 941,279
                    

We exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with determining the amounts of software license and services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

For software license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying software, we recognize revenue when: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (2) delivery has occurred (generally, FOB shipping point or electronic distribution), (3) the fee is fixed or determinable, and (4) collection is probable. Substantially all of our license revenues are recognized in this manner.

Our software is distributed primarily through our direct sales force. In addition, we have an indirect distribution channel through alliances with resellers and, for our Mathcad products, with distributors. Approximately 25% of our total revenue in 2009 was generated from our indirect distribution channel. Revenue arrangements with resellers are recognized on a sell-through basis; that is, when we deliver the product to the end-user customer. We do not offer contractual rights of return, stock balancing, or price protection to our resellers, and actual product returns from them have been insignificant to date. As a result, we do not maintain reserves for reseller product returns and related allowances. In contrast, revenue arrangements with distributors of our Mathcad products have a contractual right to exchange product and are recognized on a sell-in basis; that

 

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is, when we ship the products to the distributor. As of September 30, 2009, 2008 and 2007, the value of Mathcad product inventory held by distributors and the accrual that we have recorded for estimated product returns were not material.

At the time of each sale transaction, we must make an assessment of the collectibility of the amount due from the customer. Revenue is only recognized at that time if management deems that collection is probable. In making this assessment, we consider customer credit-worthiness and historical payment experience. At that same time, we assess whether fees are fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or significant uncertainties. If the fee is not fixed or determinable, revenue is recognized only as payments become due from the customer, provided that all other revenue recognition criteria are met. In assessing whether the fee is fixed or determinable, we consider the payment terms of the transaction, including transactions with payment terms that extend beyond our customary payment terms, and our collection experience in similar transactions without making concessions, among other factors. Our software license arrangements generally do not include customer acceptance provisions. However, if an arrangement includes an acceptance provision, we record revenue only upon the earlier of (1) receipt of written acceptance from the customer or (2) expiration of the acceptance period.

Our software arrangements often include implementation and consulting services that are sold under consulting engagement contracts or as part of the software license arrangement. When we determine that such services are not essential to the functionality of the licensed software, we record revenue separately for the license and service elements of these arrangements, provided that appropriate evidence of fair value exists for the undelivered services (see discussion below). Generally, we consider that a service is not essential to the functionality of the software based on various factors, including if the services may be provided by independent third parties experienced in providing such consulting and implementation in coordination with dedicated customer personnel and whether the services result in any modification or customization of the software functionality. If an arrangement does not qualify for separate accounting of the license and service elements, then license revenue is recognized together with the consulting services using either the percentage-of-completion or completed-contract method of contract accounting. Contract accounting for both license and service elements is also applied to any software arrangements that include customer-specific acceptance criteria or where the license payment is tied to the performance of consulting services. Under the percentage-of- completion method, we estimate the stage of completion of contracts with fixed or “not to exceed” fees based on hours or costs incurred to date as compared with estimated total project hours or costs at completion. If we do not have a sufficient basis to measure progress towards completion, revenue is recognized upon completion of the contract. When total cost estimates exceed revenues, we accrue for the estimated losses when identified. The use of the percentage-of-completion method of accounting requires significant judgment relative to estimating total contract hours or costs, including assumptions relative to the length of time to complete the project, the nature and complexity of the work to be performed and anticipated changes in salaries and other costs. When adjustments in estimated contract hours or costs are determined, such revisions may have the effect of adjusting, in the current period, the earnings applicable to performance in prior periods.

We generally use the residual method to recognize revenue from software arrangements that include one or more elements to be delivered at a future date when evidence of the fair value of all undelivered elements exists. Under the residual method, the fair value of the undelivered elements (i.e., maintenance, consulting and training services) based on vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) is deferred and the remaining portion of the total arrangement fee is allocated to the delivered elements (i.e., software license). If evidence of the fair value of one or more of the undelivered services does not exist, all revenues are deferred and recognized when delivery of all of those services has occurred or when fair values can be established. We determine VSOE of the fair value of services revenue based upon our recent pricing for those services when sold separately. For certain transactions, VSOE of the fair value of maintenance services is determined based on a substantive maintenance renewal clause within a customer contract. Our current pricing practices are influenced primarily by product type, purchase volume and customer location. We review services sold separately on a periodic basis and update, when appropriate, our VSOE of fair value for such services to ensure that it reflects our recent pricing experience.

 

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Significant incremental discounts offered in multiple-element arrangements that would be characterized as separate elements are infrequent and are carved out of software license revenues under the residual method. In limited circumstances, where a customer receives a subscription-based license, license revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the arrangement. In limited circumstances, where the right to use the software license is contingent upon current payments of maintenance, fees for software license and maintenance are recognized ratably over the initial maintenance term.

Maintenance services generally include rights to unspecified upgrades (when and if available), telephone and internet-based support, updates and bug fixes. Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the maintenance contract on a straight-line basis. It is uncommon for us to offer a specified upgrade to an existing product; however, in such instances, all revenue of the arrangement is deferred until the future upgrade is delivered.

When consulting service qualifies for separate accounting, consulting revenues under time and materials billing arrangements are recognized as the services are performed. Consulting revenues under fixed-priced contracts are generally recognized using the percentage-of-completion method. If there is a significant uncertainty about the project completion or receipt of payment for the consulting services, revenue is deferred until the uncertainty is sufficiently resolved. Reimbursements of out-of-pocket expenditures incurred in connection with providing consulting services are included in services revenue, with the offsetting expense recorded in cost of services revenue.

Training services include on-site and classroom training. Training revenues are recognized as the related training services are provided.

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue primarily relates to software maintenance agreements billed to customers for which the services have not yet been provided. The liability associated with performing these services is included in deferred revenue and, if not yet paid, the related amount is included in other current assets. Billed but uncollected maintenance-related amounts included in other current assets at September 30, 2009 and 2008 were $66.0 million and $76.8 million, respectively. Deferred revenue consisted of the following:

 

     September 30,
     2009    2008
     (in thousands)

Deferred maintenance revenue

   $ 210,900    $ 228,841

Deferred other service revenue

     15,008      21,327

Deferred license revenue

     8,362      8,127
             

Total deferred revenue

   $ 234,270    $ 258,295
             

Cash, Cash Equivalents, Short-Term Investments and Marketable Investments

Our cash equivalents, short-term investments and marketable investments are invested in debt instruments of financial institutions, government entities and corporations and in mutual funds. We have established guidelines relative to credit ratings, diversification and maturities that are intended to maintain safety and liquidity. Cash equivalents include highly liquid investments with maturity periods of three months or less when purchased. Short-term investments include those investments with maturities in excess of three months but less than one year. Marketable investments are those with maturities in excess of one year. Short-term investments and marketable investments as of September 30, 2009 and 2008 were not material.

 

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Short-term investments and marketable investments are classified as available for sale and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses included in the accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) component of stockholders’ equity and amortization or accretion of premium or discount included in interest income.

Concentration of Credit Risk and Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The amounts reflected in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their fair value due to their short maturities. Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of investments, trade accounts receivable and foreign currency derivative instruments. Our cash, cash equivalents, investments and foreign currency derivatives are placed with financial institutions with high credit standings. Our credit risk for derivatives is also mitigated due to the short-term nature of the contracts. Our customer base consists of large numbers of geographically diverse customers dispersed across many industries, and no individual customer comprised more than 10% of our net trade accounts receivable as of September 30, 2009 or 2008.

Fair Value Measurements

In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued a new standard for fair value measurements. The standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This standard applies to accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. Accordingly, this standard does not require any new fair value measurements. In January 2008, the FASB issued a statement permitting entities to elect to defer the effective date for one year for all non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis. We elected to defer the adoption with respect to those assets and liabilities permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, that the adoption of the requirements for non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities in 2010 will have on our consolidated financial statements. On October 1, 2008, we adopted the new standard and certain related FASB staff positions for our financial assets and liabilities. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of nonperformance. The new standard establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

   

Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

   

Level 2: inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or

 

   

Level 3: unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

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Our significant financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were all measured using input type Level 1 and consisted of the following as of September 30, 2009:

 

     September 30,
2009
 
     (in thousands)  

Financial assets

  

Cash equivalents(1)

   $ 81,406   
        

Financial liabilities

  

Forward contracts

   $ (550
        

 

(1) Money market funds.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. In determining the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, management specifically analyzes individual accounts receivable, historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions, accounts receivable aging trends and changes in our customer payment terms. Our allowance for doubtful accounts on trade accounts receivable was $5.3 million as of September 30, 2009, $5.2 million as of September 30, 2008, $3.9 million as of September 30, 2007 and $4.9 million as of September 30, 2006. Uncollectible trade accounts receivable written-off, net of recoveries, were $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $2.9 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Provisions for bad debt expense were $1.6 million, $2.4 million and $1.9 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Transfers of Financial Assets

We offer our customers the option to purchase software and services through payment plans. Other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets include non-current receivables from customers related to extended payment term contracts totaling $10.5 million and $16.3 million at September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. We occasionally transfer future payments under certain of these contracts to third-party financial institutions on a non-recourse basis. We record such transfers as sales of the related accounts receivable when we surrender control of such receivables.

Derivatives

Generally accepted accounting principles require all derivatives, whether designated in a hedging relationship or not, to be recorded on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in the derivative’s fair value are recognized currently in earnings unless specific hedge accounting criteria are met.

Derivatives are financial instruments whose values are derived from one or more underlying financial instruments, such as foreign currency. We enter into derivative transactions, specifically foreign currency forward contracts, to manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates that arise primarily from our foreign currency-denominated receivables and payables. The contracts are primarily in Western European currencies and Japanese Yen, typically have maturities of less than three months and require an exchange of foreign currencies for U.S. dollars at maturity of the contracts at rates agreed to at inception of the contracts. We do not enter into or hold derivatives for trading or speculative purposes. Generally, we do not designate foreign currency forward contracts as hedges for accounting purposes, and changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized immediately in earnings. Because we enter into forward contracts only as an economic hedge, any gain or loss on the underlying foreign-denominated balance would be offset by the loss or gain on the forward contract. Gains and losses on forward contracts and foreign denominated receivables and payables are included

 

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in other income (expense), net. Net realized and unrealized gains and losses associated with exchange rate fluctuations on forward contracts and the underlying foreign currency exposure being hedged were immaterial for all periods presented.

As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, we had outstanding forward contracts with notional amounts equivalent to the following:

 

Currency Hedged    September 30,
     2009    2008
     (in thousands)

Euro/U.S. Dollar

   $ 61,502    $ 61,678

British Pound/Euro

     24,035      24,966

Indian Rupee/U.S. Dollar

     19,969      19,930

Chinese Renminbi/U.S. Dollar

     4,567      12,285

Japanese Yen/U.S. Dollar

     4,843      10,073

All other

     15,008      25,768
             

Total

   $ 129,924    $ 154,700
             

The accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2009 and 2008 include a net liability of $0.5 million and a net asset of $1.8 million, respectively, related to the fair value of our forward contracts.

Net gains and losses on foreign currency exposures, including realized and unrealized gains and losses on forward contracts, included in other income (expense), net, were net losses of $3.6 million, $2.9 million and $1.8 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Excluding the underlying foreign currency exposure being hedged, net realized and unrealized gains and losses on forward contracts included in other (expense) income, net, were a net loss of $3.0 million in 2009, a net gain of $6.0 million in 2008 and a net loss of $1.4 million for 2007.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Computer hardware and software are typically amortized over three to five years, and furniture and fixtures over three to eight years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their useful lives or the remaining terms of the related leases. Property and equipment under capital leases are amortized over the lesser of the lease terms or their estimated useful lives. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense when incurred; additions and improvements are capitalized. When an item is sold or retired, the cost and related accumulated depreciation is relieved, and the resulting gain or loss, if any, is recognized in income.

Computer Software Costs

We incur costs to develop computer software to be licensed or otherwise marketed to customers. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred, except for costs of internally developed or externally purchased software that qualify for capitalization. Development costs for software to be sold externally incurred subsequent to the establishment of technological feasibility, but prior to the general release of the product, are capitalized and, upon general release, are amortized using the greater of either the straight-line method over the expected life of the related products or are amortized based upon the pattern in which economic benefits related to such assets are being realized. The straight-line method is used if it approximates the same amount of expense as that calculated using the ratio that current period gross product revenues bear to total anticipated gross product revenues. No internally-developed computer software costs were capitalized in 2009, 2008 or 2007. As described

 

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in Note E, $6.0 million, $62.1 million and $13.1 million of software was capitalized in connection with our acquisitions of businesses in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and is included in acquired intangible assets.

Goodwill, Acquired Intangible Assets and Long-lived Assets

Goodwill is the amount by which the cost of acquired net assets in a business acquisition exceeded the fair values of net identifiable assets on the date of our purchase.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, including goodwill, are evaluated for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. Factors we consider important, on an overall company basis and reportable-segment basis, when applicable, that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business, significant negative industry or economic trends, a significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period and a reduction of our market capitalization relative to net book value. To conduct these tests of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, the fair value of the reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. If the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, we record an impairment loss to the extent that the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. We estimate the fair values of our reporting units using discounted cash flow valuation models.

Long-lived assets primarily include property and equipment and intangible assets with finite lives (including purchased software, customer lists and trademarks). Purchased software is amortized over 1 to 10 years, customer lists are amortized over 2 to 11 years and trademarks are amortized over 1 to 9 years. We review long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable or that the useful lives of those assets are no longer appropriate. Each impairment test is based on a comparison of the undiscounted cash flows to the recorded value of the asset. If impairment is indicated, the asset is written down to its estimated fair value based on a discounted cash flow analysis.

Advertising Expenses

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Total advertising expenses incurred were $2.0 million, $2.4 million and $2.7 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Income Taxes

Our income tax expense includes U.S. and international income taxes. Certain items of income and expense are not reported in tax returns and financial statements in the same year. The tax effects of these differences are reported as deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are recognized for the estimated future tax effects of deductible temporary differences and tax operating loss and credit carryforwards. Changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded in the provision for income taxes. We assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and, to the extent we believe that it is more likely than not that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized, we establish a valuation allowance. To the extent we establish a valuation allowance or increase this allowance in a period, we include an expense within the tax provision in the consolidated statement of operations.

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income consists of net income and other comprehensive income (loss), which includes foreign currency translation adjustments, changes in unrecognized actuarial gains and losses related to pension benefits, and changes in unrealized gains and losses on investment securities. For the purposes of comprehensive income disclosures, we do not record tax provisions or benefits for the net changes in the foreign currency translation adjustment, as we intend to reinvest permanently undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries.

 

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Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) is reported as a component of stockholders’ equity and as of September 30, 2009 and 2008 was comprised of cumulative translation adjustment gains of $10.8 million and $7.9 million, respectively, and unrecognized actuarial losses related to pension benefits net of tax of $(44.4) million and $(25.2) million, respectively.

Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Unvested restricted shares, although legally issued and outstanding, are not considered outstanding for purposes of calculating basic earnings per share. Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect, if any, of outstanding stock options, restricted shares and restricted stock units using the treasury stock method. The following table presents the calculation for both basic and diluted EPS:

 

     Year ended September 30,
     2009    2008    2007
     (in thousands, except per share data)

Net income

   $ 31,522    $ 79,702    $ 143,656
                    

Weighted average shares outstanding

     114,950      113,703      112,734

Dilutive effect of employee stock options, restricted shares and restricted stock units

     2,409      4,167      4,760
                    

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

     117,359      117,870      117,494
                    

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.27    $ 0.70    $ 1.27

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.27    $ 0.68    $ 1.22

Stock options to purchase 3.8 million, 3.2 million and 3.5 million shares for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively, had exercise prices per share that were greater than the average market price of our common stock for those periods. These shares were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure the compensation cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. That cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. See Note K for a description of the types of stock-based awards granted, the compensation expense related to such awards and detail of equity-based awards outstanding. See Note G for detail of the tax benefit recognized in the consolidated statement of operations related to stock-based compensation.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Codification

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued The FASB Accounting Standards Codification ™ (the Codification). The Codification is the official single source of authoritative U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). All existing accounting standards are superseded and all other accounting guidance not included in the Codification will be considered non-authoritative. The Codification does not change GAAP. The Codification is effective for reporting periods ending after September 15, 2009. The impact on our financial statements from the Codification adoption was limited to disclosures as all references to previous authoritative accounting literature were superseded by the Codification.

 

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Transfers of Financial Assets

In June 2009, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting and disclosure requirements for transfers of financial assets. This amendment requires greater transparency and additional disclosures for transfers of financial assets and the entity’s continuing involvement with them and changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets. In addition, this amendment eliminates the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity (QSPE). This amendment is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2009 (our fiscal 2011). We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, that its adoption will have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

Variable Interest Entities

In June 2009, the FASB also issued an amendment to the accounting and disclosure requirements for the consolidation of variable interest entities (VIEs). The elimination of the concept of a QSPE, as discussed above, removes the exception from applying the consolidation guidance within this amendment. This amendment requires an enterprise to perform a qualitative analysis when determining whether or not it must consolidate a VIE. The amendment also requires an enterprise to continuously reassess whether it must consolidate a VIE. Additionally, the amendment requires enhanced disclosures about an enterprise’s involvement with VIEs and any significant change in risk exposure due to that involvement, as well as how its involvement with VIEs impacts the enterprise’s financial statements. Finally, an enterprise will be required to disclose significant judgments and assumptions used to determine whether or not to consolidate a VIE. This amendment is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2009 (our fiscal 2011). We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, that its adoption will have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets

In December 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires additional disclosures for plan assets of defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans. The required disclosures include a description of our investment policies and strategies, the fair value of each major category of plan assets, the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets, the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs on changes in plan assets, and the significant concentrations of risk within plan assets. The disclosures about plan assets are required to be provided for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2009, our fiscal 2010.

Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions Are Participating Securities

In June 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard that provides that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and must be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. Upon adoption, a company is required to retrospectively adjust its earnings per share data (including any amounts related to interim periods, summaries of earnings and selected financial data) to conform with the provisions of this standard. We will be subject to this standard beginning in fiscal 2010, which began on October 1, 2009. We have not yet determined the impact, if any, that this standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

Business Combinations

In December 2007, the FASB issued updated standards on business combinations and accounting and reporting of noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements. The revised standards will significantly change the financial accounting and reporting of business combination transactions and noncontrolling (or minority) interests in consolidated financial statements by requiring companies to: (i) recognize, with certain exceptions, 100% of the fair values of assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests in

 

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acquisitions of less than a 100% controlling interest when the acquisition constitutes a change in control of the acquired entity; (ii) measure acquirer shares issued in consideration for a business combination at fair value on the acquisition date; (iii) recognize contingent consideration arrangements at their acquisition-date fair values, with subsequent changes in fair value generally reflected in earnings; (iv) with certain exceptions, recognize preacquisition loss and gain contingencies at their acquisition-date fair values; (v) capitalize in-process research and development assets acquired; (vi) expense, as incurred, acquisition-related transaction costs; and (vii) limit the capitalization of acquisition-related restructuring as of the acquisition date. In addition, changes in accounting for deferred tax asset valuation allowances and acquired income tax uncertainties after the measurement period will be recognized in earnings rather than as an adjustment to the cost of acquisition.

The new standards are effective for business combination transactions for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008, our fiscal 2010, which began on October 1, 2009. We believe the adoption of these statements will have a material effect on the financial accounting for any significant acquisitions completed after October 1, 2009.

Determination of the Useful Lives of Intangible Assets

In April 2008, the FASB issued a standard that amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2008, our fiscal 2010. We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, that the adoption of this standard will have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

C. Restructuring and Other Charges

In 2009, to reduce costs, we restructured operations resulting in restructuring charges of $22.7 million. The restructuring charges included $21.9 million for severance and related costs associated with 382 employees notified of termination during the year and $0.8 million related to excess facilities.

As part of efforts to increase profitability, we relocated certain business functions to locations where we are seeking to enhance our business presence and where labor costs are lower. In 2008 and 2007, we recorded restructuring charges of $20.1 million and $15.3 million, respectively. The restructuring charges included $10.7 million and $13.2 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively, for severance and related costs associated with 185 and 262 employees notified of termination during the respective periods, and $9.4 million and $2.1 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively, of costs related to excess facilities and other costs, including $1.5 million for costs incurred in 2008 in connection with our integration of CoCreate which we acquired in the first quarter of 2008.

 

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The following table summarizes restructuring and other charges reserve activity for the three years ended September 30, 2009:

 

     Employee Severance
and Related Benefits
    Facility Closures
and Other Costs
    Total  
     (in thousands)  

Balance, October 1, 2006

   $ 1,084      $ 21,293      $ 22,377   

Charges to operations

     13,204        2,143        15,347   

Cash disbursements

     (8,519     (6,197     (14,716

Foreign currency impact

     136        162        298   
                        

Balance, September 30, 2007

     5,905        17,401        23,306   

Charges to operations

     10,683        9,419        20,102   

Cash disbursements

     (10,840     (14,240     (25,080

Foreign currency impact

     (243     (401     (644
                        

Balance, September 30, 2008

     5,505        12,179        17,684   

Charges to operations

     21,872        799        22,671   

Cash disbursements

     (16,036     (8,665     (24,701

Foreign currency impact

     455        (334     121   
                        

Balance, September 30, 2009

   $ 11,796      $ 3,979      $ 15,775   
                        

The accrual for facility closures and related costs is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet, and the accrual for employee severance and related benefits is included in accrued compensation and benefits. As of September 30, 2009, of the $15.8 million remaining in accrued restructuring charges, $14.7 million was included in current liabilities and $1.1 million was included in other long-term liabilities, principally for facility costs to be paid out through 2013.

In determining the amount of the facilities accrual, we are required to estimate such factors as future vacancy rates, the time required to sublet properties and sublease rates. These estimates are reviewed quarterly based on known real estate market conditions and the credit-worthiness of subtenants, and may result in revisions to established facility reserves. We had $4.0 million accrued as of September 30, 2009 related to excess facilities (compared to $11.7 million at September 30, 2008), representing gross lease commitments with agreements expiring at various dates through 2013 of approximately $10.2 million, net of committed sublease income of approximately $6.1 million and a present value factor of $0.1 million.

D. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consisted of the following:

 

     September 30,  
     2009     2008  
     (in thousands)  

Computer hardware and software

   $ 215,071      $ 195,809   

Furniture and fixtures

     20,292        18,196   

Leasehold improvements

     35,807        33,487   
                

Gross property and equipment

     271,170        247,492   

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (213,065     (192,239
                

Net property and equipment

   $ 58,105      $ 55,253   
                

Depreciation expense was $26.3 million, $24.5 million and $24.3 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

 

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E. Acquisitions

Relex

In the third quarter of 2009, we acquired all of the outstanding common stock of Relex Software Corporation, a U.S.-based privately-held company with approximately 50 employees, for $24.3 million in cash (net of $0.8 million of cash acquired and including $0.3 million of acquisition-related transaction costs). Relex provided software and services used to analyze design and field data to assist in evaluating and improving product reliability and safety. Relex’s results of operations have been included in our consolidated financial statements beginning June 4, 2009. Our results of operations prior to this acquisition, if presented on a pro forma basis, would not differ materially from our reported results.

The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. The purchase price allocation is final except for the finalization of a tax matter, which outcome is not expected to have a material impact on the purchase price allocation. The purchase price allocation resulted in goodwill of $13.4 million; intangible assets of $12.4 million (including customer relationships of $8.1 million being amortized over 9 years, purchased software of $3.6 million being amortized over 8 years, trademarks of $0.4 million being amortized over 9 years and other intangible assets of $0.3 million being amortized over 3 years); and other net liabilities of $0.7 million. Substantially all of the goodwill and intangible assets acquired are deductible for income tax purposes as a result of a tax election made by us. In addition, the purchase price allocation resulted in a charge of $0.3 million for in-process research and development related to a project under development for which technological feasibility had not yet been established at the acquisition date and for which there was no alternative future use. This development project was completed in the fourth quarter of 2009.

Synapsis

In the first quarter of 2009, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Synapsis Technology, Inc., a provider of environmental regulatory compliance solutions, for $7.5 million in cash. Synapsis was a privately-held U.S.-based company with approximately 20 employees. The results of the Synapsis business have been included in our consolidated financial statements beginning December 11, 2008. Our results of operations prior to this acquisition, if presented on a pro forma basis, would not differ materially from our reported results.

The Synapsis acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. The purchase price allocation resulted in goodwill of $2.0 million; intangible assets of $4.9 million (including purchased software of $2.4 million and customer relationships of $2.5 million, which are being amortized over estimated useful lives of 7 and 8 years, respectively); and other net assets of $0.5 million. Substantially of the goodwill and intangible assets acquired are deductible for income tax purposes.

CoCreate

In the first quarter of 2008, we acquired all of the outstanding common stock of CoCreate Software GmbH, a provider of CAD and PLM solutions, for $247.5 million (net of cash acquired and including $4.8 million of acquisition-related transaction costs). No PTC common stock or stock options were issued in the acquisition. Acquisition-related transaction costs included investment banking, legal and accounting fees and other external costs directly related to the acquisition. CoCreate was a privately held company based in Sindelfingen, Germany. CoCreate’s results of operations have been included in our consolidated financial statements beginning December 1, 2007.

The acquisition of CoCreate has been accounted for as a business combination. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date (November 30, 2007). The fair values of intangible assets were based on valuations using an income approach, with estimates and assumptions provided by management of CoCreate and PTC. The excess of the purchase price over the tangible assets, identifiable intangible assets and assumed liabilities was recorded as goodwill. The allocation of the purchase price is based upon a valuation of certain assets and liabilities acquired.

 

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The purchase price allocation was as follows:

 

     (in millions)  

Goodwill

   $ 166.5   

Identifiable intangible assets

     131.0   

Accounts receivable

     8.9   

All other assets, primarily cash

     21.9   

Deferred revenue, net of fair value adjustment

     (13.9

All other liabilities, primarily accrued expenses and income taxes payable

     (16.5

Integration accrual

     (3.0

Deferred tax liabilities, net

     (32.9

In-process research and development

     0.8   
        

Total purchase price allocation

   $ 262.8   

Less: Cash acquired

     (15.3
        

Total purchase price allocation, net of cash acquired

   $ 247.5   
        

The purchase price allocation resulted in $166.5 million of purchase price that exceeded the estimated fair values of tangible and intangible assets and liabilities, all of which was allocated to goodwill. We believe the resulting amount of goodwill reflects our expectations of the following synergistic benefits: (1) the potential to sell our products into CoCreate’s traditional customer base, (2) the potential to leverage our reseller channel to sell CoCreate’s products, and (3) the potential geographic expansion for CoCreate’s products, particularly in North America and Asia. Intangible assets of $131.0 million includes purchased software of $55.1 million, customer relationships of $72.5 million, trademarks of $2.3 million, and non-compete agreements of $1.1 million, which are being amortized over average useful lives of 8 years, 11 years, 9 years and 1.5 years, respectively, based upon the pattern in which economic benefits related to such assets are expected to be realized.

Net tangible assets consist of the fair values of tangible assets less the fair values of assumed liabilities and obligations. Except for accounts receivable, pension liabilities, leases, deferred support revenues, deferred taxes and integration accruals, net tangible assets were valued at the respective carrying amounts recorded by CoCreate as we believe that their carrying value amounts approximate their fair values at the acquisition date. Deferred support revenue recorded in the purchase price allocation reflects an amount equivalent to the estimated cost plus an appropriate profit margin to perform the services related to CoCreate’s software support contracts. We recorded integration accruals of approximately $3.0 million, primarily for severance costs related to the termination of certain CoCreate employees, which has been fully paid as of September 30, 2009.

Purchased in-process research and development of $0.8 million related to a project under development for which technological feasibility had not yet been established at the acquisition date and for which there was no alternative future use; accordingly, such amount was written-off in the first quarter of 2008. The value of the purchased in-process research and development was determined using the residual income method, which discounts expected future cash flows from projects under development. Under this method, the projected cash flow of the intangible asset considers the contribution of other assets to the overall cash flow in order to isolate the economic benefit generated by the specific intangible asset. A risk-adjusted discount rate of 23% was used to reflect the overall risk associated with the project. The expected cost to complete the project was approximately $0.3 million at the acquisition date. This development project was completed in 2009.

The majority of goodwill and intangible assets acquired in the acquisition are not deductible for tax purposes. As a result, we recorded in the purchase accounting a deferred tax liability of $34.0 million, equal to the tax effect of the amount of the acquired intangible assets other than goodwill that are not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

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Pro Forma Financial Information (unaudited)

The unaudited financial information in the table below summarizes the combined results of operations of PTC and CoCreate, on a pro forma basis, as though the companies had been combined as of the beginning of each period presented. The pro forma financial information is presented for comparative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that actually would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of the respective periods. For 2007, the pro forma financial information is based on PTC’s results of operations for the twelve months ended September 30, 2007, combined with CoCreate’s results of operations for its twelve months ended October 31, 2007. For 2008, the pro forma financial information is based on PTC’s results of operations for 2008, which includes CoCreate’s results beginning December 1, 2007, combined with CoCreate’s results of operations for the two months ended November 30, 2007.

The pro forma financial information includes the amortization charges from acquired intangible assets, adjustments to interest income (expense) and the related tax effects.

 

     Year ended September 30,
                 2008                            2007            
     ( in millions, except per share data)

Revenue

   $ 1,083.7    $ 1,019.0

Operating income

   $ 128.7    $ 110.7

Net income

   $ 80.2    $ 128.5

Earnings per share—Basic

   $ 0.71    $ 1.14

Earnings per share—Diluted

   $ 0.68    $ 1.09

LBS

In the first quarter of 2008, we acquired Logistics Business Systems Ltd. (LBS), a provider of integrated logistics support solutions for the aerospace and defense and civil aviation industries, for approximately $13.1 million in cash (net of $1.6 million of cash acquired and including $0.2 million of acquisition-related transaction costs). An additional $1.0 million of contingent purchase price will be capitalized as goodwill, if and when earned. LBS was a privately held company based in the United Kingdom. Results of operations for LBS have been included in our consolidated statements of operations since October 20, 2007. Our results of operations prior to this acquisition, if presented on a pro forma basis, would not differ materially from our reported results.

The LBS acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. The purchase price allocation resulted in goodwill of $3.0 million; intangible assets of $10.7 million (including purchased software of $7.0 million, customer relationships of $3.6 million, and other intangible assets of $0.1 million, which are being amortized over estimated useful lives of 8, 8 and 5 years, respectively); and other net assets of $1.0 million. None of the goodwill or intangible assets acquired is deductible for income tax purposes.

F. Goodwill and Acquired Intangible Assets

We have two reportable segments: (1) software products and (2) services. As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, goodwill and acquired intangible assets in the aggregate attributable to our software products reportable segment was $573.1 million and $563.2 million, respectively, and attributable to our services reportable segment was $23.4 million and $24.3 million, respectively. Goodwill and other intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually, or on an interim basis if an event occurs or circumstances change that would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of the reporting segment below its carrying value. We completed our annual impairment review as of July 4, 2009 and concluded that no impairment charge was required as of that date. Through September 30, 2009, there have not been any events or changes in circumstances that indicate that the carrying values of goodwill or acquired intangible assets may not be recoverable.

 

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Goodwill and acquired intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

     September 30, 2009    September 30, 2008
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
   Accumulated
Amortization
   Net Book
Value
   Gross
Carrying
Amount
   Accumulated
Amortization
   Net Book
Value
     (in thousands)

Goodwill (not amortized)

         $ 428,268          $ 405,195